Knowledge about sports-related concussion: is the message getting through to coaches and trainers?

White, Peta E, Newton, Joshua D, Makdissi, Michael, Sullivan, S John, Davis, Gavin, McCrory, Paul, Donaldson, Alex, Ewing, Michael T and Finch, Caroline F 2014, Knowledge about sports-related concussion: is the message getting through to coaches and trainers?, British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 119-124, doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092785.

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Title Knowledge about sports-related concussion: is the message getting through to coaches and trainers?
Author(s) White, Peta E
Newton, Joshua DORCID iD for Newton, Joshua D
Makdissi, Michael
Sullivan, S John
Davis, Gavin
McCrory, Paul
Donaldson, Alex
Ewing, Michael TORCID iD for Ewing, Michael T
Finch, Caroline F
Journal name British Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume number 48
Issue number 2
Start page 119
End page 124
Total pages 7
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2014
ISSN 0306-3674
Summary Aim The need for accurate diagnosis and appropriate return-to-play decisions following a concussion in sports has prompted the dissemination of guidelines to assist managing this condition. This study aimed to assess whether key messages within these guidelines are reflected in the knowledge of coaches and sports trainers involved in community sport. Methods An online knowledge survey was widely promoted across Australia in May–August 2012 targeting community Australian Football (AF) and Rugby League (RL) coaches and sports trainers. 260 AF coaches, 161 AF sports trainers, 267 RL coaches and 228 RL sports trainers completed the survey. Knowledge scores were constructed from Likert scales and compared across football codes and respondent groups. Results General concussion knowledge did not differ across codes but sports trainers had higher levels than did coaches. There were no significant differences in either concussion symptoms or concussion management knowledge across codes or team roles. Over 90% of respondents correctly identified five of the eight key signs or symptoms of concussion. Fewer than 50% recognised the increased risk of another concussion following an initial concussion. Most incorrectly believed or were uncertain that scans typically show damage to the brain after a concussion occurs. Fewer than 25% recognised, and >40% were uncertain that younger players typically take longer to recover from concussion than adults. Conclusions The key messages from published concussion management guidelines have not reached community sports coaches and sports trainers. This needs to be redressed to maximise the safety of all of those involved in community sport.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092785
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, BMJ Publishing Group
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