Sexting prevalence and correlates: a systematic literature review

Klettke, Bianca, Hallford, David J. and Mellor, David J. 2014, Sexting prevalence and correlates: a systematic literature review, Clinical psychology review, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 44-53, doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2013.10.007.

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Title Sexting prevalence and correlates: a systematic literature review
Author(s) Klettke, BiancaORCID iD for Klettke, Bianca
Hallford, David J.ORCID iD for Hallford, David J.
Mellor, David J.ORCID iD for Mellor, David J.
Journal name Clinical psychology review
Volume number 34
Issue number 1
Start page 44
End page 53
Total pages 10
Publisher Pergamon
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2014-02
ISSN 0272-7358
Keyword(s) sexting
sexting behaviour
sexual risk behaviour
mental health
Summary Despite considerable controversy and speculation regarding sexting behaviour and its associated risks, to date there has been no integration and analysis of empirical literature on this topic. To collect and synthesise findings of the prevalence of sexting, its correlates, and the context in which it occurs, a systematic search of databases was conducted. Thirty-one studies, reporting on sexting prevalence and a diverse range of related variables, met inclusion criteria. The estimated mean prevalence weighted by sample size was calculated, with trends indicating sexting is more prevalent amongst adults than adolescents, older age is predictive of sexting for adolescents but not adults, and more individuals report receiving sexts than sending them. The correlates of sexting behaviour were grouped in terms of demographic variables, sexual and sexual risk behaviours, attitudes towards sexting, perceived outcomes of sexting, motivations for sexting, mental health and well-being variables, and attachment dimensions. Findings are discussed in terms of the trends indicated by the data, which provided substantiation that sexting behaviour is associated with numerous behavioural, psychological, and social factors. Limitations of the current research literature and future directions are also presented.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.cpr.2013.10.007
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Elsevier
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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