Composite yarns fabricated from continuous needleless electrospun nanofibers

Niu, Haitao, Gao, Weimin, Lin, Tong, Wang, Xungai and Kong, Lingxue 2014, Composite yarns fabricated from continuous needleless electrospun nanofibers, Polymer engineering and science, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 1495-1502, doi: 10.1002/pen.23690.

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Title Composite yarns fabricated from continuous needleless electrospun nanofibers
Author(s) Niu, HaitaoORCID iD for Niu, Haitao orcid.org/0000-0002-8442-7444
Gao, WeiminORCID iD for Gao, Weimin orcid.org/0000-0002-7390-169X
Lin, TongORCID iD for Lin, Tong orcid.org/0000-0002-1003-0671
Wang, XungaiORCID iD for Wang, Xungai orcid.org/0000-0002-3549-6769
Kong, LingxueORCID iD for Kong, Lingxue orcid.org/0000-0001-6219-3897
Journal name Polymer engineering and science
Volume number 54
Issue number 7
Start page 1495
End page 1502
Total pages 8
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Place of publication Hoboken, N. J.
Publication date 2014-07
ISSN 0032-3888
1548-2634
Summary In this work, a spinning metal wire collector was employed to continuously collect polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers produced by a disc fiber generator and coil them around a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) yarn. The obtained composite yarns exhibited a core/shell structure (PET yarn/PAN nanofibers) with nanofibers orderly arranged on the surface of the PET yarn. The electric field analysis showed that the position of metal wire had insignificant effect on the formed electric field and high intensity electric field was formed at the disc circumferential area, which provided a constant electric field for the production of uniform nanofibers. The spinning solution, spinning speed of metal wire, and winding speed were found to play an important role in producing good quality nanofiber yarns, in terms of morphology, strength, and productivity. Pure nanofiber yarns were obtained after dissolving the core yarns in a proper solvent. This method has shown potential for the mass production of nanofiber yarns for industrial applications.
Language eng
DOI 10.1002/pen.23690
Field of Research 100707 Nanomanufacturing
091205 Functional Materials
Socio Economic Objective 860406 Synthetic Fibres, Yarns and Fabrics
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, Society of Plastics Engineers
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30062697

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Institute for Frontier Materials
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