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Does gender matter? A one year follow-up of autistic, attention and anxiety symptoms in high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder

May, Tamara, Cornish, Kim and Rinehart, Nicole 2014, Does gender matter? A one year follow-up of autistic, attention and anxiety symptoms in high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder, Journal of autism and developmental disorders, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 1077-1086, doi: 10.1007/s10803-013-1964-y.

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Title Does gender matter? A one year follow-up of autistic, attention and anxiety symptoms in high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder
Author(s) May, TamaraORCID iD for May, Tamara orcid.org/0000-0001-8705-4180
Cornish, Kim
Rinehart, Nicole
Journal name Journal of autism and developmental disorders
Volume number 44
Issue number 5
Start page 1077
End page 1086
Total pages 10
Publisher Springer-Verlag
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2014
ISSN 1573-3432
Keyword(s) autism
autism spectre
high-functioning
anxiety
gender
Summary Gender differences in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms and associated problem behaviours over development may provide clues regarding why more males than females are diagnosed with ASD. Fifty-six high-functioning children with ASD, and 44 typically developing controls, half of the participants female, were assessed at baseline (aged 7–12 years) and one-year later, collecting measures of autism, attention and anxiety symptoms, school placement and support information. Findings indicated no gender differences in autistic symptoms. Males were more hyperactive and received more integration-aide support in mainstream schools, and females were more socially anxious. Overall, similar gender profiles were present across two time points. Lower hyperactivity levels in females might contribute to their under-identification. Implications are discussed using a biopsychosocial model of gender difference.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s10803-013-1964-y
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Springer
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30063863

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Mon, 02 Jun 2014, 10:18:46 EST

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