Neoliberal policy agendas and the problem of inequality in higher education: the Ethiopian case

Molla, Tebeje 2014, Neoliberal policy agendas and the problem of inequality in higher education: the Ethiopian case, Policy futures in education, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 297-309, doi: 10.2304/pfie.2014.12.2.297.

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Title Neoliberal policy agendas and the problem of inequality in higher education: the Ethiopian case
Author(s) Molla, Tebeje
Journal name Policy futures in education
Volume number 12
Issue number 2
Start page 297
End page 309
Total pages 13
Publisher Symposium journals
Place of publication Oxford, Eng.
Publication date 2014
ISSN 1478-2103
Keyword(s) higher education
World Bank
social justice
Summary Under the influence of the external policy pressure of donors such as the World Bank, higher education in Ethiopia has witnessed a series of institutional and system-wide reforms. This article reviews selected policy documents to show key neo-liberal policy agendas endorsed in the reforms and explicate how they have affected social equity in the subsystem. The analysis shows that higher education reforms in Ethiopia, primarily framed by concerns of economic efficiency, have constrained social equity in two important ways. First, at a discursive level, the problem of inequality is represented as a lack of access and a disadvantage in the human capital formation of the nation. Second, the drive for greater efficiency and reduced costs in the educational provision embedded in the reforms is inconsistent with the need for the financial and political commitments required to benefit marginalised members of the society through relevant equity instruments. If the equity policy provisions should be instrumental in ensuring participation, retention and successful completion, and thereby supporting the social mobility of disadvantaged groups, they need to draw on a broad social justice perspective.
Language eng
DOI 10.2304/pfie.2014.12.2.297
Field of Research 130103 Higher Education
Socio Economic Objective 939903 Equity and Access to Education
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Symposium Journals
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Created: Wed, 04 Jun 2014, 14:01:26 EST by Tebeje Mekonnen

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