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New Compounds Bearing [M(S2O7)3]2– Anions (M = Si, Ge, Sn): Syntheses and Characterization of A2[Si(S2O7)3] (A = Na, K, Rb), A2[Ge(S2O7)3] (A = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs), A2[Sn(S2O7)3] (A = Na, K), and the Unique Germanate Hg2[Ge(S2O7)3]Cl2 with Cationic 1∞[

Logemann, Christian, Witt, Julia, Gunzelmann, Daniel, Senker, Jurgen and Wickleder, Mathias S. 2012, New Compounds Bearing [M(S2O7)3]2– Anions (M = Si, Ge, Sn): Syntheses and Characterization of A2[Si(S2O7)3] (A = Na, K, Rb), A2[Ge(S2O7)3] (A = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs), A2[Sn(S2O7)3] (A = Na, K), and the Unique Germanate Hg2[Ge(S2O7)3]Cl2 with Cationic 1∞[HgCl2/2]+ Chains †, Journal of inorganic and general chemistry, vol. 638, no. 12, pp. 2053-2061, doi: 10.1002/zaac.201200343.

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Title New Compounds Bearing [M(S2O7)3]2– Anions (M = Si, Ge, Sn): Syntheses and Characterization of A2[Si(S2O7)3] (A = Na, K, Rb), A2[Ge(S2O7)3] (A = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs), A2[Sn(S2O7)3] (A = Na, K), and the Unique Germanate Hg2[Ge(S2O7)3]Cl2 with Cationic 1∞[HgCl2/2]+ Chains †
Author(s) Logemann, Christian
Witt, Julia
Gunzelmann, Daniel
Senker, Jurgen
Wickleder, Mathias S.
Journal name Journal of inorganic and general chemistry
Volume number 638
Issue number 12
Start page 2053
End page 2061
Total pages 9
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2012-10
ISSN 1521-3749
Keyword(s) metallates
disulfates
mercury
crystal structure
thermal behaviour
Summary The reaction of the group 14 tetrachlorides MCl4 (M = Si, Ge, Sn) with oleum (65 % SO3) at elevated temperatures led to the unique anionic complexes [M(S2O7)3]2– that show the central M atoms in coordination of three chelating S2O72– groups. The mean distances M–O within the complexes increase from 175 pm (M = Si) via 186 pm (M = Ge) up to 200 pm (M = Sn). The charge balance for the [M(S2O7)3]2– anions is achieved by alkaline metal ions A+ (A = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs) which were implemented in the syntheses in form of their sulfates. The size of the A+ ions, i.e. their coordination requirement causes the crystallographic differences in the crystal structures, while the structure of the complex [M(S2O7)3]2– anions remains essentially unaffected. Furthermore, we were able to characterize the unique germanate Hg2[Ge(S2O7)3]Cl2 which forms when HgCl2 is added as a source for the counter cation. The Hg2+ and the Cl– ions form infinite cationic chains according to 1∞[HgCl2/2]+ which take care for the charge compensation. For selected examples of the compounds the thermal behavior has been monitored by means of thermal analyses and X-ray powder diffraction. For A being an alkaline metal the decomposition product is a mixture of the sulfates A2SO4 and the dioxides MO2, whereas Hg2[Ge(S2O7)3]Cl2 shows a more complicated decomposition. The tris-(disulfato)-silicate Na2[Si(S2O7)3] has additionally been examined by solid state 29Si and 23Na NMR spectroscopic measurements.
Language eng
DOI 10.1002/zaac.201200343
Field of Research 039999 Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30064494

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Institute for Frontier Materials
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