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Applying the theory of resource curse to disadvantaged migrant communities and criminal offending: Vietnamese Australians and the heroin trade as a case study

Evans, Richard W. 2014, Applying the theory of resource curse to disadvantaged migrant communities and criminal offending: Vietnamese Australians and the heroin trade as a case study, Citizenship and Globalisation Research Paper Series, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-28.

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Title Applying the theory of resource curse to disadvantaged migrant communities and criminal offending: Vietnamese Australians and the heroin trade as a case study
Author(s) Evans, Richard W.ORCID iD for Evans, Richard W. orcid.org/0000-0003-4052-6771
Journal name Citizenship and Globalisation Research Paper Series
Volume number 5
Issue number 1
Start page 1
End page 28
Total pages 28
Publisher Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University
Place of publication Melbourne, Vic.
Publication date 2014-03
ISSN 1838-2118
1838-2126
Keyword(s) Vietnamese Australian community
heroin
policing
criminal industries
illicit drugs
resource curse (economic theory)
ethnic enclave (economic theory)
Summary Australia has a substantial Vietnamese community, a consequence of the refugee exodus from Southeast Asia which followed the Communist victory in Vietnam in 1975. While Vietnamese Australians have contributed greatly to their host society, they are also stigmatised because of an association with the trade in illicit drugs, particularly heroin. Drug-related offending remains very high in Vietnamese Australian communities, with resultant high rates of incarceration and social exclusion. In its formative years the Vietnamese Australian community was faced with exclusion from economic and social opportunity, but was uniquely well-positioned as an ethnic enclave economy to take advantage of the growing demand for illicit drugs, especially heroin. I argue that the heroin trade had an effect analogous to ‘resource curse’, and has been a major source of continuing disadvantage and social harm to the Vietnamese Australian community.
Language eng
Field of Research 160201 Causes and Prevention of Crime
160204 Criminological Theories
160504 Crime Policy
Socio Economic Objective 940402 Crime Prevention
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30064748

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Created: Thu, 26 Jun 2014, 16:13:17 EST by Richard Evans

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.