Evaluating OSHA's ethylene oxide standard : exposure determinants in Massachusetts hospitals

LaMontagne, Anthony D. and Kelsey, Karl T. 2001, Evaluating OSHA's ethylene oxide standard : exposure determinants in Massachusetts hospitals, American journal of public health, vol. 91, no. 3, pp. 412-417.

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Title Evaluating OSHA's ethylene oxide standard : exposure determinants in Massachusetts hospitals
Author(s) LaMontagne, Anthony D.ORCID iD for LaMontagne, Anthony D. orcid.org/0000-0002-5811-5906
Kelsey, Karl T.
Journal name American journal of public health
Volume number 91
Issue number 3
Start page 412
End page 417
Total pages 5
Publisher American Public Health Association
Place of publication Bethesda, Md.
Publication date 2001
ISSN 0090-0036
Summary This study sought to identify determinants of workplace exposures to ethylene oxide to assess the effect of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) 1984 ethylene oxide standard. An in-depth survey of all hospitals in Massachusetts that used ethylene oxide from 1990 through 1992 (96% participation, N = 90) was conducted. Three types of exposure events were modeled with logistic regression: exceeding the 8-hour action level, exceeding the 15-minute excursion limit, and worker exposures during unmeasured accidental releases. Covariates were drawn from data representing an ecologic framework including direct and indirect potential exposure determinants. After adjustment for frequencies of ethylene oxide use and exposure monitoring, a significant inverse relation was observed between exceeding the action level and the use of combined sterilizer-aerators, an engineering control technology developed after the passage of the OSHA standard. Conversely, the use of positive-pressure sterilizers that employ ethylene oxide gas mixtures was strongly related to both exceeding the excursion limit and the occurrence of accidental releases. These findings provide evidence of a positive effect of OSHA's ethylene oxide standard and specific targets for future prevention and control efforts.
Language eng
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30065778

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Health and Social Development
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