Integrating workplace exposure databases for occupational medicine services and epidemiologic studies at a former nuclear weapons facility

Ruttenber, A. James, McCrea, Jason S., Wade, Ted D., Schonbeck, Margaret F., LaMontagne, Anthony D., Van, Dyke Michael V. and Martyny, John W. 2001, Integrating workplace exposure databases for occupational medicine services and epidemiologic studies at a former nuclear weapons facility, Applied occupational and environmental hygiene, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 192-200, doi: 10.1080/104732201460334.

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Title Integrating workplace exposure databases for occupational medicine services and epidemiologic studies at a former nuclear weapons facility
Author(s) Ruttenber, A. James
McCrea, Jason S.
Wade, Ted D.
Schonbeck, Margaret F.
LaMontagne, Anthony D.ORCID iD for LaMontagne, Anthony D. orcid.org/0000-0002-5811-5906
Van, Dyke Michael V.
Martyny, John W.
Journal name Applied occupational and environmental hygiene
Volume number 16
Issue number 2
Start page 192
End page 200
Total pages 8
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2001
ISSN 1521-0898
Keyword(s) exposure surveillance
medical surveillance
job exposure matrix
occupational epidemiology
occupational medicine
industrial hygiene
Summary We outline methods for integrating epidemiologic and industrial hygiene data systems for the purpose of exposure estimation, exposure surveillance, worker notification, and occupational medicine practice. We present examples of these methods from our work at the Rocky Flats Plant?a former nuclear weapons facility that fabricated plutonium triggers for nuclear weapons and is now being decontaminated and decommissioned. The weapons production processes exposed workers to plutonium, gamma photons, neutrons, beryllium, asbestos, and several hazardous chemical agents, including chlorinated hydrocarbons and heavy metals. We developed a job exposure matrix (JEM) for estimating exposures to 10 chemical agents in 20 buildings for 120 different job categories over a production history spanning 34 years. With the JEM, we estimated lifetime chemical exposures for about 12,000 of the 16,000 former production workers. We show how the JEM database is used to estimate cumulative exposures over different time periods for epidemiological studies and to provide notification and determine eligibility for a medical screening program developed for former workers. We designed an industrial hygiene data system for maintaining exposure data for current cleanup workers. We describe how this system can be used for exposure surveillance and linked with the JEM and databases on radiation doses to develop lifetime exposure histories and to determine appropriate medical monitoring tests for current cleanup workers. We also present time-line-based graphical methods for reviewing and correcting exposure estimates and reporting them to individual workers.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/104732201460334
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2001, Taylor & Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30065784

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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