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Social norms in the development of adolescent substance use: a longitudinal analysis of the International Youth Development Study.

Eisenberg,ME, Toumbourou,JW, Catalano,RF and Hemphill,SA 2014, Social norms in the development of adolescent substance use: a longitudinal analysis of the International Youth Development Study., Journal of youth and adolescence, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 1486-1497, doi: 10.1007/s10964-014-0111-1.

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Title Social norms in the development of adolescent substance use: a longitudinal analysis of the International Youth Development Study.
Author(s) Eisenberg,ME
Toumbourou,JWORCID iD for Toumbourou,JW orcid.org/0000-0002-8431-3762
Catalano,RF
Hemphill,SA
Journal name Journal of youth and adolescence
Volume number 43
Issue number 9
Start page 1486
End page 1497
Total pages 12
Publisher Spring-Verlag
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2014-09
ISSN 1573-6601
Keyword(s) Alcohol
Marijuana
School
Smoking
Social norms
Substance use
Social Sciences
Psychology, Developmental
Psychology
SCHOOL DRUG POLICIES
SMOKING-BEHAVIOR
UNITED-STATES
ALCOHOL-USE
PROTECTIVE FACTORS
WASHINGTON-STATE
MARIJUANA USE
AUSTRALIA
STUDENTS
RISK
Summary Identifying specific aspects of peer social norms that influence adolescent substance use may assist international prevention efforts. This study examines two aggregated measures of social norms in the school setting and their predictive association with substance (alcohol, tobacco and marijuana) use 2 years later in a large cross-national population-based cohort of adolescents. The primary hypothesis is that in Grade 7 both "injunctive" school norms (where students associate substance use with "coolness") and "descriptive" norms (where student substance use is common) will predict Grade 9 substance use. Data come from the International Youth Development Study, including 2,248 students (51.2% female) in the US and Australia attending 121 schools in Grade 7. Independent variables included injunctive norms (aggregating measures of school-wide coolness ratings of each substance use) and descriptive norms (aggregating the prevalence of school substance use) in Grade 7. Dependent variables included binge drinking and current use of alcohol, tobacco and marijuana in Grade 9. Associations between each type of school-wide social norm and substance use behaviors in Grade 9 were tested using multilevel logistic regression, adjusting for covariates. In unadjusted models, both injunctive and descriptive norms each significantly predicted subsequent substance use. In fully adjusted models, injunctive norms were no longer significantly associated with Grade 9 use, but descriptive norms remained significantly associated with tobacco and marijuana use in the expected direction. The findings identify descriptive social norms in the school context as a particularly important area to address in adolescent substance use prevention efforts.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s10964-014-0111-1
Field of Research 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014. Springer
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30067674

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.