Experiences of racism, racial/ethnic attitudes, motivated fairness and mental health outcomes among primary and secondary school students

Priest, Naomi, Perry, Ryan, Ferdinand, Angeline, Paradies, Yin and Kelaher, Margaret 2014, Experiences of racism, racial/ethnic attitudes, motivated fairness and mental health outcomes among primary and secondary school students, Journal of youth adolescence, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 1672-1687, doi: 10.1007/s10964-014-0140-9.

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Title Experiences of racism, racial/ethnic attitudes, motivated fairness and mental health outcomes among primary and secondary school students
Author(s) Priest, Naomi
Perry, Ryan
Ferdinand, Angeline
Paradies, YinORCID iD for Paradies, Yin orcid.org/0000-0001-9927-7074
Kelaher, Margaret
Journal name Journal of youth adolescence
Volume number 43
Issue number 10
Start page 1672
End page 1687
Total pages 16
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2014-10
ISSN 1573-6601
Keyword(s) Children
Mental health
Motivated fairness
Racial/ethnic attitudes
Racism
School
Social Sciences
Psychology, Developmental
Psychology
AFRICAN-AMERICAN ADOLESCENTS
PERCEIVED DISCRIMINATION
SYSTEM JUSTIFICATION
PEER-VICTIMIZATION
REPORTED RACISM
PREJUDICE
DISSONANCE
ADJUSTMENT
CHILDHOOD
Summary While studies investigating the health effects of racial discrimination for children and youth have examined a range of effect modifiers, to date, relationships between experiences of racial discrimination, student attitudes, and health outcomes remain unexplored. This study uniquely demonstrates the moderating effects of vicarious racism and motivated fairness on the association between direct experiences of racism and mental health outcomes, specifically depressive symptoms and loneliness, among primary and secondary school students. Across seven schools, 263 students (54.4% female), ranging from 8 to 17 years old (M = 11.2, SD = 2.2) reported attitudes about other racial/ethnic groups and experiences of racism. Students from minority ethnic groups (determined by country of birth) reported higher levels of loneliness and more racist experiences relative to the majority group students. Students from the majority racial/ethnic group reported higher levels of loneliness and depressive symptoms if they had more friends from different racial/ethnic groups, whereas the number of friends from different groups had no effect on minority students' loneliness or depressive symptoms. Direct experiences of racism were robustly related to higher loneliness and depressive symptoms in multivariate regression models. However, the association with depressive symptoms was reduced to marginal significance when students reported low motivated fairness. Elaborating on the negative health effects of racism in primary and secondary school students provides an impetus for future research and the development of appropriate interventions.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s10964-014-0140-9
Field of Research 160803 Race and Ethnic Relations
Socio Economic Objective 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Springer
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30067754

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