Socio-economic disparities in Australian adolescents' eating behaviours

Niven, Philippa, Scully, Maree, Morley, Belinda, Crawford, David, Baur, Louise A. and Wakefield, Melanie 2014, Socio-economic disparities in Australian adolescents' eating behaviours, Public health nutrition, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2753-2758, doi: 10.1017/S1368980013002784.

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Title Socio-economic disparities in Australian adolescents' eating behaviours
Author(s) Niven, Philippa
Scully, Maree
Morley, Belinda
Crawford, DavidORCID iD for Crawford, David
Baur, Louise A.
Wakefield, Melanie
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 17
Issue number 12
Start page 2753
End page 2758
Total pages 6
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, Eng.
Publication date 2014-12
ISSN 1368-9800
Keyword(s) socio-economic position
Summary Objective: To assess the association between socio-economic position (SEP) and poor eating behaviours in a large representative sample of Australian secondary school students.
Design: Cross-sectional survey of students’ vegetable, fruit, sugar-sweetened beverage and fast-food consumption assessed using validated instruments and collected via a web-based self-report format.
Setting: Secondary schools across all Australian states and territories.
Subjects: Secondary-school students (n 12 188; response rate: 54 %) aged 12–17 years participating in the 2009–10 National Secondary Students’ Diet and Activity (NaSSDA) survey.
Results: Overall, 25% of students reported consuming <1 serving of vegetables/d and 29% reported eating <1 serving of fruit/d. Fourteen per cent of students reported drinking at least 1–2 cups of sugar-sweetened beverages/d while 9% reported eating fast food <3 times/week. After adjusting for other demographic factors, students of lower-SEP areas were more likely to report low intake of vegetables (F (4, 231) = 3.61, P = 0.007) and high frequency of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (F (4, 231) =8.41, P < 0.001) and fast food (F (4, 231) = 4.59, P =0.001) compared with students of high-SEP neighbourhoods. A positive SEP association was found for fruit consumption among female students only (F (4, 231) = 4.20, P = 0.003). Those from lower-SEP areas were also more likely to engage in multiple poor eating behaviours (F (4, 231) = 5.80, P, < 0.001).
Conclusions: Results suggest that socio-economic disparities in Australian adolescents’ eating behaviours do exist, with students residing in lower-SEP neighbourhoods faring less well than those from high-SEP neighbourhoods. Reducing social inequalities in eating behaviours among young people should be a key consideration of future preventive strategies.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/S1368980013002784
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Cambridge University Press
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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