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Socio-economic disparities in Australian adolescents' eating behaviours

Niven, Philippa, Scully, Maree, Morley, Belinda, Crawford, David, Baur, Louise A. and Wakefield, Melanie 2014, Socio-economic disparities in Australian adolescents' eating behaviours, Public health nutrition, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2753-2758, doi: 10.1017/S1368980013002784.

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Title Socio-economic disparities in Australian adolescents' eating behaviours
Author(s) Niven, Philippa
Scully, Maree
Morley, Belinda
Crawford, DavidORCID iD for Crawford, David orcid.org/0000-0002-2467-7556
Baur, Louise A.
Wakefield, Melanie
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 17
Issue number 12
Start page 2753
End page 2758
Total pages 6
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, Eng.
Publication date 2014-12
ISSN 1368-9800
1475-2727
Keyword(s) socio-economic position
diet
adolescents
Australia
Summary Objective: To assess the association between socio-economic position (SEP) and poor eating behaviours in a large representative sample of Australian secondary school students.
Design: Cross-sectional survey of students’ vegetable, fruit, sugar-sweetened beverage and fast-food consumption assessed using validated instruments and collected via a web-based self-report format.
Setting: Secondary schools across all Australian states and territories.
Subjects: Secondary-school students (n 12 188; response rate: 54 %) aged 12–17 years participating in the 2009–10 National Secondary Students’ Diet and Activity (NaSSDA) survey.
Results: Overall, 25% of students reported consuming <1 serving of vegetables/d and 29% reported eating <1 serving of fruit/d. Fourteen per cent of students reported drinking at least 1–2 cups of sugar-sweetened beverages/d while 9% reported eating fast food <3 times/week. After adjusting for other demographic factors, students of lower-SEP areas were more likely to report low intake of vegetables (F (4, 231) = 3.61, P = 0.007) and high frequency of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (F (4, 231) =8.41, P < 0.001) and fast food (F (4, 231) = 4.59, P =0.001) compared with students of high-SEP neighbourhoods. A positive SEP association was found for fruit consumption among female students only (F (4, 231) = 4.20, P = 0.003). Those from lower-SEP areas were also more likely to engage in multiple poor eating behaviours (F (4, 231) = 5.80, P, < 0.001).
Conclusions: Results suggest that socio-economic disparities in Australian adolescents’ eating behaviours do exist, with students residing in lower-SEP neighbourhoods faring less well than those from high-SEP neighbourhoods. Reducing social inequalities in eating behaviours among young people should be a key consideration of future preventive strategies.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/S1368980013002784
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Cambridge University Press
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30067758

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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