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Modifying the risk associated with an impulsive temperament: a prospective study of drug dependence treatment

Staiger,PK, Dawe,S, Richardson,B, Hall,K and Kambouropoulos,N 2014, Modifying the risk associated with an impulsive temperament: a prospective study of drug dependence treatment, Addictive behaviors, vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 1676-1681, doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.05.001.

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Title Modifying the risk associated with an impulsive temperament: a prospective study of drug dependence treatment
Author(s) Staiger,PK
Dawe,S
Richardson,B
Hall,K
Kambouropoulos,N
Journal name Addictive behaviors
Volume number 39
Issue number 11
Start page 1676
End page 1681
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2014-11
ISSN 1873-6327
Keyword(s) emotions
impulsivity
mindfulness
personality
substance
treatment outcome
Social Sciences
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Psychology, Clinical
Substance Abuse
Psychology
SUBSTANCE-USE DISORDERS
TRIDIMENSIONAL PERSONALITY QUESTIONNAIRE
ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY
MINDFULNESS MEDITATION
SENSATION SEEKING
DELAYED REWARDS
MARIJUANA USE
COCAINE
ADDICTION
BEHAVIOR
Summary The evidence linking the personality trait of impulsivity and substance misuse is well established. Importantly, impulsivity not only predicts substance misuse problems but has an association with duration in treatment, likelihood of completing treatment and time to relapse. Treatment that focuses on increasing awareness and acceptance of thoughts and emotions may potentially address impulsive behaviour and in this respect improve treatment outcomes for substance misuse. The current paper investigated the relationship between the facet of impulsivity that taps into poor inhibitory control and treatment outcome. In addition, there was a specific focus on ascertaining the impact of an increase in awareness and attentional control measured in 144 adult substance users receiving treatment in a residential therapeutic community. Impulsivity predicted poorer treatment outcome (measured as drug use severity). Increases in awareness and acceptance of emotions and thoughts during treatment were related to better outcome although this was not associated with baseline levels of impulsivity. Clinical and theoretical implications are discussed.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.05.001
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30067809

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
Centre for Mental Health and Wellbeing Research
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