Pathways to social anxiety: the role of reinforcement sensitivities and emotion regulation

O'Connor,EJ, Staiger,PK, Kambouropoulos,N and Smillie,LD 2014, Pathways to social anxiety: the role of reinforcement sensitivities and emotion regulation, Psychiatry research, vol. 220, no. 3, pp. 915-920, doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.09.007.

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Title Pathways to social anxiety: the role of reinforcement sensitivities and emotion regulation
Author(s) O'Connor,EJ
Staiger,PKORCID iD for Staiger,PK
Kambouropoulos,NORCID iD for Kambouropoulos,N
Journal name Psychiatry research
Volume number 220
Issue number 3
Start page 915
End page 920
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2014
ISSN 1872-7123
Keyword(s) Cognitive reappraisal
Emotional suppression
Reward sensitivity
Social anxiety
Threat sensitivity
Summary Past research has demonstrated a strong relationship between threat sensitivity and social anxiety; however, the relationship between reward sensitivity and social anxiety is less clear. Further, the role that emotion regulation (ER) may play in the expression of social anxiety disorder (SAD) is rarely considered. The current study tested whether two emotion regulation strategies (emotional suppression and cognitive reappraisal) mediated associations between threat sensitivity and reward sensitivity and social anxiety in a community sample (402 adults, 78% female; Mage=32.49, S.D.age=11.53). Path analyses indicated that low reappraisal mediated the relationship between high threat sensitivity and high social anxiety; and both low reappraisal and high suppression mediated the relationship between low reward sensitivity and high social anxiety. These results highlight the potential role that emotion regulation plays in the relationship between trait motivation and social anxiety.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.09.007
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Elsevier
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Centre for Mental Health and Wellbeing Research
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