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When social anxiety co-occurs with substance use: does an impulsive social anxiety subtype explain this unexpected relationship?

Nicholls,J, Staiger,PK, Williams,JS, Richardson,B and Kambouropoulos,N 2014, When social anxiety co-occurs with substance use: does an impulsive social anxiety subtype explain this unexpected relationship?, Psychiatry research, vol. 220, no. 3, pp. 909-914, doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.08.040.

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Title When social anxiety co-occurs with substance use: does an impulsive social anxiety subtype explain this unexpected relationship?
Author(s) Nicholls,J
Staiger,PKORCID iD for Staiger,PK orcid.org/0000-0002-6968-5015
Williams,JS
Richardson,B
Kambouropoulos,N
Journal name Psychiatry research
Volume number 220
Issue number 3
Start page 909
End page 914
Publisher Elsevier Ireland
Place of publication Shannon, Ireland
Publication date 2014-12-30
ISSN 0165-1781
1872-7123
Keyword(s) Alcohol use
Impulsivity
Reward sensitivity
Social anxiety
Substance use
Summary Although most conceptualizations of social anxiety emphasise that socially anxious individuals are overtly shy, and utilise avoidant behavioural strategies (e.g., risk-aversion, passivity, and submissiveness), there is tentative support for the existence of an approach-motivated subtype, characterised by risk taking and a greater propensity for substance misuse. It is likely that this subtype may help explain the reported co-occurrence of substance misuse and social anxiety. The current study sought to test via latent class analysis whether an approach-motivated social anxiety subtype could be identified within a community sample. A self-report questionnaire was completed by 351 participants (age: 18-74 years). Two distinct social anxiety subgroups were identified: one characterised by prototypical SAD symptomatology (i.e., behavioural inhibition and risk-avoidance), the second by elevated levels of rash impulsiveness, reward sensitivity, risk-taking and co-occurring substance use problems. The current findings provides support for the existence of a distinct approach-motivated social anxiety subtype and indicates that impulsivity may be critical to understanding the comorbid substance use symptomatology of these individuals.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.08.040
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Elsevier Ireland
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30067814

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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Created: Wed, 26 Nov 2014, 12:49:25 EST

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