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Development by design in Western Australia: overcoming offset obstacles

Fitzsimons, James, Heiner, Michael, McKenney, Bruce, Sochi, Kei and Kiesecker, Joseph 2014, Development by design in Western Australia: overcoming offset obstacles, Land, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 167-187, doi: 10.3390/land3010167.

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Title Development by design in Western Australia: overcoming offset obstacles
Author(s) Fitzsimons, JamesORCID iD for Fitzsimons, James orcid.org/0000-0003-4277-8040
Heiner, Michael
McKenney, Bruce
Sochi, Kei
Kiesecker, Joseph
Journal name Land
Volume number 3
Issue number 1
Start page 167
End page 187
Total pages 21
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2014-02-20
ISSN 2073-445X
Keyword(s) mining
offsets
biodiversity surrogates
vegetation types
planning
Summary Biodiversity offsets can be an important tool for maintaining or enhancingenvironmental values in situations where development is sought despite negativeenvironmental impacts. There are now approximately 45 compensatory mitigationprograms for biodiversity impacts worldwide, with another 27 programs in development. While offsets have great potential as a conservation tool, their establishment requires overcoming a number of conceptual and methodological hurdles. In Australia, new policy changes at the national and state (i.e., Western Australia) level require that offsets follow a set of general principles: (1) Environmental offsets may not be appropriate for all projects and will only be considered after avoidance and mitigation options have been pursued;(2) Environmental offsets will be based on sound environmental information andknowledge; (3) Establishing goals for offsets requires an estimate of expected direct and indirect impacts; (4) Environmental offsets will be focused on longer term strategic outcomes; (5) Environmental offsets will be cost-effective, as well as relevant and proportionate to the significance of the environmental value being impacted. Here we focus on the challenges of determining and implementing offsets using a real world example from a voluntary offset process undertaken for Barrick Gold’s Kanowna Belle mine site in Western Australia to highlight those challenges and potential solutions.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/land3010167
Field of Research 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment
Socio Economic Objective 960704 Land Stewardship
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30068087

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Life and Environmental Sciences
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.