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The influence of protective and risk factors in individual, peer and school domains on Thai adolescents' alcohol and illicit drug use: a survey

Wongtongkam,N, Ward,PR, Day,A and Winefield,AH 2014, The influence of protective and risk factors in individual, peer and school domains on Thai adolescents' alcohol and illicit drug use: a survey, Addictive behaviors, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 1447-1451, doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.05.026.

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Title The influence of protective and risk factors in individual, peer and school domains on Thai adolescents' alcohol and illicit drug use: a survey
Author(s) Wongtongkam,N
Ward,PR
Day,A
Winefield,AH
Journal name Addictive behaviors
Volume number 39
Issue number 10
Start page 1447
End page 1451
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2014-10
ISSN 0306-4603
1873-6327
Keyword(s) Alcohol
Illicit drugs
Individual
Peer
Technical colleges
Thailand
Social Sciences
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Psychology, Clinical
Substance Abuse
Psychology
SUBSTANCE ABUSE, SCI
SUBSTANCE ABUSE, SSCI
SUBSTANCE USE
SENSATION SEEKING
UNITED-STATES
CHIANG-MAI
BEHAVIOR
METHAMPHETAMINE
STUDENTS
YOUTH
DELINQUENCY
PREVALENCE
Summary This study investigates risk and protective factors for substance abuse in a sample of 1778 students attending technical colleges in Bangkok and Nakhon Ratchasima provinces of Thailand using a self-report questionnaire modified from the Communities That Care youth survey. Low school commitment was strongly associated with illicit drug use, with adjusted odds ratios ranging from 2.84 (glue sniffing) to 10.06 (ecstasy). Having friends using drugs, and friends with delinquent behaviors increased the risk of using alcohol and illegal drugs, with adjusted odds ratios of 6.84 and 6.72 respectively for marijuana use. For protective factors, approximately 40-60% of students with high levels of moral belief, participation in religious activities, and social skills were less likely to use alcohol. It is concluded that peer influence is a significant contributor to Thai adolescents' participation in substance abuse and that engaging in religiosity may assist adolescents to internalize negative aspects of harmful drugs into positive perceptions and encourage them to avoid alcohol and illegal drugs.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.05.026
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30068874

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
Centre for Mental Health and Wellbeing Research
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Created: Wed, 21 Jan 2015, 13:02:45 EST

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