Use of reference in the narratives of Kurdish-Persian bilingual children

Shokouhi, H and Hemati, A 2014, Use of reference in the narratives of Kurdish-Persian bilingual children, US-China education review A, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 848-860.

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Title Use of reference in the narratives of Kurdish-Persian bilingual children
Author(s) Shokouhi, H
Hemati, A
Journal name US-China education review A
Volume number 4
Issue number 12
Start page 848
End page 860
Total pages 13
Publisher David Publishing Company
Place of publication New York, NY
Publication date 2014-12-20
ISSN 2161-623X
Summary This study investigates some of the differences and similarities between Kurdish-Persian bilinguals and Persian monolinguals with respect to the use of referring expressions in spoken narratives. The narratives were elicited from 36 participants, consisting of 24 bilinguals (groups 1 and 2) and 12 monolinguals (group 3) in the first four grades of primary school using the Mayer’s (1969) book ‘Frog, where are you?’. The results have revealed that group 1 (bilingual told the story in Kurdish) used definite noun phrases most frequently followed by zero anaphors, indefinite noun phrases and pronouns. Group 2 who narrated the story in Persian produced definite nouns most frequently followed by pronouns, zero anaphors and indefinite noun phrases and group 3 (Persian monolinguals) employed definite noun phrases followed by zero anaphors, pronouns, and indefinite noun phrases. The significant difference between groups 1 and 2 and groups 2 and 3 has been in indefinite noun phrases and between groups 1 and 3 in the use of pronouns. One reason is that children universally apply similar strategies regardless of their first language (Berman, 2001). The conclusion is that some of the differences are due to the difference in the structure between Persian and the dialects of Kurdish.
Language eng
Field of Research 200401 Applied Linguistics and Educational Linguistics
Socio Economic Objective 930199 Learner and Learning not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, David Publishing
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Education
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