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Overlap between autistic and schizotypal personality traits is not accounted for by anxiety and depression.

Mealey,A, Abbott,G, Byrne,LK and McGillivray,J 2014, Overlap between autistic and schizotypal personality traits is not accounted for by anxiety and depression., Psychiatry Research, vol. 219, no. 2, pp. 380-385, doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.05.040.

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Title Overlap between autistic and schizotypal personality traits is not accounted for by anxiety and depression.
Author(s) Mealey,A
Abbott,GORCID iD for Abbott,G
Byrne,LKORCID iD for Byrne,LK
McGillivray,JORCID iD for McGillivray,J
Journal name Psychiatry Research
Volume number 219
Issue number 2
Start page 380
End page 385
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Shannon, County Clare, Ireland
Publication date 2014-10-30
ISSN 1872-7123
Keyword(s) Anxiety
Autism spectrum disorder
Autistic personality traits
Schizotypal traits
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Summary Autism spectrum and schizophrenia spectrum disorders are classified separately in the DSM-5, yet research indicates that these two disorders share overlapping features. The aim of the present study was to examine the overlap between autistic and schizotypal personality traits and whether anxiety and depression act as confounding variables in this relationship within a non-clinical population. One hundred and forty-four adults completed the Autism Spectrum Quotient and the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21. A number of associations were seen between autistic and schizotypal personality traits. However, negative traits were the only schizotypal feature to uniquely predict global autistic traits, thus highlighting the importance of interpersonal qualities in the overlap of autistic and schizotypal characteristics. The inclusion of anxiety and depression did not alter relationships between autistic and schizotypal traits, indicating that anxiety and depression are not confounders of this relationship. These findings have important implications for the conceptualisation of both disorders.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.05.040
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Elsevier
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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