Storm water harvesting and reuse in Australia : enhanced sand filtration for the treatment of storm water

McTaggart,C, Farago,L, Jegatheesan,V and Shu,L 2014, Storm water harvesting and reuse in Australia : enhanced sand filtration for the treatment of storm water, Desalination and Water Treatment: science and engineering, pp. 2-8, doi: 10.1080/19443994.2014.903871.

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Title Storm water harvesting and reuse in Australia : enhanced sand filtration for the treatment of storm water
Author(s) McTaggart,C
Journal name Desalination and Water Treatment: science and engineering
Start page 2
End page 8
Total pages 8
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxfordshire, Eng.
Publication date 2014-03-28
ISSN 1944-3994
Keyword(s) Alum
Storm water
Summary This study details the removal of common storm water pollutants along with heavy metals by enhanced sand filtration. Three filtration flow rates were trialled: 5, 10 and 20 m/h. The performance of each filter was rated on the ability to remove turbidity, suspended solids, dissolved solids, phosphorus, nitrogen, lead, copper and Zinc. Conventional sand filter was used as a performance benchmark, and compared with four sand filters that are enhanced with a nylon carpet fibre, polypropylene carpet fibre, Syrian carpet fibre-enhanced and alum sludge-enhanced sand filter. Carpet fibre-enhanced sand filtration was highly effective at filtering simulated storm water and in most cases performing well above the conventional sand filters. The carpet fibre-enhanced sand filters had no drop in flow rates over the 4 h filtration period with following removal rates: up to 90% total suspended solids, 70% zinc, 60% turbidity, 25% phosphorus, 15% nitrogen and 10% total dissolved solids. However, results showed that alum sludge-enhanced sand filter performed the highest, with removal rates up to 100% for total suspended solids, 80% zinc, 90% turbidity, up to 80% phosphorus, up to 40% nitrogen and 3% total dissolved solids. But the flow rates dropped approximately two-thirds of the original flow rates within the first hour. © 2014 © 2014 Balaban Desalination Publications. All rights reserved.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/19443994.2014.903871
Field of Research 090404 Membrane and Separation Technologies
090407 Process Control and Simulation
090508 Water Quality Engineering
Socio Economic Objective 829803 Management of Liquid Waste from Plant Production (excl. Water)
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Taylor & Francis
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