Preferential deposition of visceral adipose tissue occurs due to physical inactivity

Belavý, D.L., Möhlig, M., Pfeiffer, A., Felsenberg, D. and Armbrecht, G. 2014, Preferential deposition of visceral adipose tissue occurs due to physical inactivity, International journal of obesity, vol. 38, no. 11, pp. 1478-1480, doi: 10.1038/ijo.2014.26.

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Title Preferential deposition of visceral adipose tissue occurs due to physical inactivity
Author(s) Belavý, D.L.ORCID iD for Belavý, D.L.
Möhlig, M.
Pfeiffer, A.
Felsenberg, D.
Armbrecht, G.
Journal name International journal of obesity
Volume number 38
Issue number 11
Start page 1478
End page 1480
Total pages 3
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publication date 2014-11-13
ISSN 0307-0565
Keyword(s) Immobilisation
Insulin resistance
Summary We hypothesised that strict inactivity (bed rest) would lead to regional differences in fat deposition. Twenty-four male subjects underwent 60d bed rest and remained inactive (n = 9), performed resistance exercise plus whole-body vibration (RVE; n = 7) or resistance exercise only (RE; n = 8). Fat mass was assessed via dual X-ray absorptiometry. In the inactive subjects, fat deposition differed between body regions (P = 0.0005) with android region visceral adipose tissue increasing the most (+29% at the end of bed rest), followed by remainder of the trunk (from chin to the iliac crest; +10%) and the arms and legs (both +7%). Insulin sensitivity reduced in the inactive subjects at the end of bed rest (P = 0.036). RE did not have a significant impact on regional fat mass changes (P ≥ 0.055). In RVE, increases in visceral adipose tissue (-14%; P = 0.028 vs inactive subjects) and in the arms (arms -8%, P = 0.011 vs inactive) were not seen. We conclude that inactivity leads to a preferential increase in visceral adipose tissue.
Language eng
DOI 10.1038/ijo.2014.26
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Nature Publishing Group
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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