Substance use to enhance academic performance among Australian university students

Mazanov,J, Dunn,M, Connor,J and Fielding,M-L 2013, Substance use to enhance academic performance among Australian university students, Performance enhancement and health, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 110-118, doi: 10.1016/j.peh.2013.08.017.

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Title Substance use to enhance academic performance among Australian university students
Author(s) Mazanov,J
Dunn,MORCID iD for Dunn,M
Journal name Performance enhancement and health
Volume number 2
Issue number 3
Start page 110
End page 118
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2013-09
ISSN 2211-2669
Keyword(s) Australia
Cognitive enhancement
Cognitive enhancing drugs
Drug policy
Education policy
Summary Use of substances to enhance academic performance among university students has prompted calls for evidence to inform education and public health policy. Little is known about this form of drug use by university students outside the US. A convenience sample of n= 1729 Australian university students across four universities responded to an exploratory on-line survey. Students were asked about their lifetime use of modafinil, prescription stimulants (e.g. methylphenidate), supplements (e.g. ginkgo biloba), illicit drugs (e.g. speed), relaxants (e.g. valium) and caffeine in relation to enhancing study performance. The results show that Australian students report using substances for study purposes at a higher lifetime rate than observed among US or German students. The main reasons for use were to improve focus and attention, and to stay awake. Use of substances to enhance study outcomes was correlated with faculty of study, attitude and use of other substances. These results point to the need to develop Australian evidence to guide policy or regulatory responses to student use of substances to enhance academic performance. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.peh.2013.08.017
Field of Research 170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2013, Elsevier
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