Recent trends in nanomaterials immobilised enzymes for biofuel production

Verma, Madan L., Puri, Munish and Barrow, Colin J. 2016, Recent trends in nanomaterials immobilised enzymes for biofuel production, Critical reviews in biotechnology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 108-119.

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Title Recent trends in nanomaterials immobilised enzymes for biofuel production
Author(s) Verma, Madan L.
Puri, MunishORCID iD for Puri, Munish
Barrow, Colin J.ORCID iD for Barrow, Colin J.
Journal name Critical reviews in biotechnology
Volume number 36
Issue number 1
Start page 108
End page 119
Total pages 12
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016
ISSN 1549-7801
Keyword(s) Bioreactors
Summary Application of nanomaterials as novel supporting materials for enzyme immobilisation has generated incredible interest in the biotechnology community. These robust nanostructured forms, such as nanoparticles, nanofibres, nanotubes, nanoporous, nanosheets, and nanocomposites, possess a high surface area to volume ratios that can cause a high enzyme loading and facilitate reaction kinetics, thus improving biocatalytic efficiency for industrial applications. In this article, we discuss research opportunities of nanoscale materials in enzyme biotechnology and highlight recent developments in biofuel production using advanced material supports for enzyme immobilisation and stabilisation. Synthesis and functionalisation of nanomaterial forms using different methods are highlighted. Various simple and effective strategies designed to result in a stable, as well as functional protein-nanomaterial conjugates are also discussed. Analytical techniques confirming enzyme loading on nanomaterials and assessing post-immobilisation changes are discussed. The current status of versatile nanomaterial support for biofuel production employing cellulases and lipases is described in details. This report concludes with a discussion on the likely outcome that nanomaterials will become an integral part of sustainable bioenergy production.
Language eng
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 100301 Biocatalysis and Enzyme Technology
Socio Economic Objective 850501 Biofuel (Biomass) Energy
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Informa Healthcare
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