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Current levels of salt knowledge: a review of the literature

Sarmugam, Rani and Worsley, Anthony 2014, Current levels of salt knowledge: a review of the literature, Nutrients, vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 5534-5559, doi: 10.3390/nu6125534.

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Title Current levels of salt knowledge: a review of the literature
Author(s) Sarmugam, Rani
Worsley, AnthonyORCID iD for Worsley, Anthony orcid.org/0000-0002-4635-6059
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 6
Issue number 12
Start page 5534
End page 5559
Publisher M D P I AG
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2014-12
ISSN 2072-6643
Summary  High salt intake increases the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Given the role of knowledge as a determinant of food intake, this paper aims to review the current levels of salt knowledge and the association between salt knowledge and dietary salt intake and salt-related dietary practices in the general population. Twenty two studies were included in the review. In general, the studies showed consumers were able to identify the health risks associated with high salt intake. However, knowledge of recommended daily intakes, understanding of the relationships between salt and sodium and foods that contribute most salt to the diet were poor. Four of the five studies which examined the relationships between salt knowledge and salt-related dietary practices reported significant associations. Two important gaps in the current literature were identified. First, there is a need for a robustly validated tool to examine salt knowledge and its impact on salt intake. Second, a comprehensive salt knowledge assessment should include assessment of procedural, as well as declarative, knowledge. © 2014, by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu6125534
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, MDPI AG
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30070069

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.