Young adolescents' perceptions, patterns, and contexts of energy drink use. A focus group study

Costa,BM, Hayley,A and Miller,P 2014, Young adolescents' perceptions, patterns, and contexts of energy drink use. A focus group study, Appetite, vol. 80, pp. 183-189, doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2014.05.013.

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Title Young adolescents' perceptions, patterns, and contexts of energy drink use. A focus group study
Author(s) Costa,BM
Miller,PORCID iD for Miller,P
Journal name Appetite
Volume number 80
Start page 183
End page 189
Publisher Elsevier BV
Place of publication Amsterdam , Netherlands
Publication date 2014-09
ISSN 1095-8304
Keyword(s) Adolescents
Energy drinks
Qualitative research
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Behavioral Sciences
Nutrition & Dietetics
Summary Caffeinated energy drinks (EDs) are purported to increase energy and improve performance, but have been associated with adverse health effects and death. EDs are popular among adolescents and young adults, yet little is known about their use among young adolescents. This study explored perceptions, patterns, and contexts of ED use in six focus groups with 40 adolescents aged 12-15 years from two regional Australian schools. A thematic analysis of the data was used to investigate knowledge about ED brands and content, ED use, reasons for ED use, physiological effects, and influences on ED use. Participants were familiar with EDs and most had used them at least once but had limited knowledge of ED ingredients, and some had difficulty differentiating them from soft and sports drinks. EDs were used as an alternative to other drinks, to provide energy, and in social contexts, and their use was associated with short-term physiological symptoms. Parents and advertising influenced participants' perceptions and use of EDs. These findings suggest young adolescents use EDs without knowing what they are drinking and how they are contributing to their personal risk of harm. The advertising, appeal, and use of EDs by adolescents appear to share similarities with alcohol and tobacco. Further research is needed to replicate and extend the current findings, informed by the lessons learned in alcohol research.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.appet.2014.05.013
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Elsevier BV
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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