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Opening up a can of worms: how do decision-makers decide when witnesses are telling the truth?

Coyle, Ian R. and Thomson, Donald M. 2014, Opening up a can of worms: how do decision-makers decide when witnesses are telling the truth?, Psychiatry, psychology and law, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 475-491, doi: 10.1080/13218719.2013.837803.

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Title Opening up a can of worms: how do decision-makers decide when witnesses are telling the truth?
Author(s) Coyle, Ian R.
Thomson, Donald M.
Journal name Psychiatry, psychology and law
Volume number 21
Issue number 4
Start page 475
End page 491
Total pages 16
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2014
ISSN 1321-8719
Keyword(s) credibility
demeanour
detection
jurors
truthfulness
witnesses
Social Sciences
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Criminology & Penology
Law
Psychiatry
Psychology, Multidisciplinary
Government & Law
Psychology
POLICE OFFICERS ABILITY
JURY INSTRUCTIONS
LIE DETECTION
DECEPTION DETECTION
JUDGMENTS
COMPREHENSION
CRITERIA
Summary Correctly determining witness credibility is integral to a fair trial. Assessments of credibility made by the triers of fact are made, amongst other things, by reference to behavioural stereotypes that are commonly thought to be associated with lying and truth-telling. These stereotypes are worthless but pervasive. In this study, potential jurors were given information such as would be given by way of judicial direction and/or expert testimony on those behavioural indicia that are useful in detecting deception. Major changes in perceptions of what does and does not work were found. This has significant implications for the conduct of criminal trials. Recommendations are presented which, it is argued, can be of real, practical, assistance in enabling decision-makers to assess the credibility of witnesses. © 2013 The Australian and New Zealand Association of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/13218719.2013.837803
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, Taylor & Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30070459

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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