Do we know how to design effective health coaching interventions: a systematic review of the state of the literature

Hill, Briony, Richardson, Ben and Skouteris, Helen 2015, Do we know how to design effective health coaching interventions: a systematic review of the state of the literature, American journal of health promotion, vol. 29, no. 5, May-June, pp. 158-168, doi: 10.4278/ajhp.130510-LIT-238.

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Title Do we know how to design effective health coaching interventions: a systematic review of the state of the literature
Author(s) Hill, BrionyORCID iD for Hill, Briony
Richardson, BenORCID iD for Richardson, Ben
Skouteris, Helen
Journal name American journal of health promotion
Volume number 29
Issue number 5
Season May-June
Start page 158
End page 168
Total pages 11
Publisher American Journal of Health Promotion
Place of publication Troy, Mich.
Publication date 2015
ISSN 0890-1171
Summary  Objective. To systematically review health coaching interventions regarding effectiveness of health coaching for specific outcomes, optimal intervention approaches, and identification of specific techniques associated with effectiveness.
Data Source. Articles were sourced from CINAHL, Global Health, PsycINFO, Academic Search Complete, Health Source, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, and Medline.
Study Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria. Randomized controlled trials were included if the study (1) employed health coaching according to a predefined criterion; (2) clearly reported the use of health coaching; or (3) incorporated the use of coaching.

Data Extraction. Aims, participants, approach, behavior change techniques (BCTs), and findings pertaining to each study were summarized. BCTs were classified according to the CALO-RE taxonomy.

Data Synthesis. Data were synthesized by cross-tabulation of BCTs with study outcomes.
Results. Fifteen of 16 eligible studies reported a positive intervention effect in at least one outcome. Nine studies (56%) did not define health coaching; the number of intervention sessions provided ranged from 2 to 48; and in three studies, one or more intervention details were unclear. It was hence difficult to synthesize the studies to adequately address our research questions.
Conclusion. Health coaching is a promising strategy for health improvements; however, future research should ensure clarity in reporting intervention details, clearer definitions of health coaching/theoretical bases, consistency in reporting BCTs, and the inclusion of process variables as outcome measures.
Language eng
DOI 10.4278/ajhp.130510-LIT-238
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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