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A review of computational fluid dynamics applications in pressure-driven membrane filtration

Keir, Greg and Jegatheesan, Veeriah 2014, A review of computational fluid dynamics applications in pressure-driven membrane filtration, Reviews in environmental science and biotechnology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 183-201, doi: 10.1007/s11157-013-9327-x.

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Title A review of computational fluid dynamics applications in pressure-driven membrane filtration
Author(s) Keir, Greg
Jegatheesan, Veeriah
Journal name Reviews in environmental science and biotechnology
Volume number 13
Issue number 2
Start page 183
End page 201
Total pages 19
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Publication date 2014-06
ISSN 1569-1705
Keyword(s) CFD
Concentration polarisation
Mass transfer
Membrane filtration
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology
Environmental Sciences
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
SPACER-FILLED CHANNELS
DIRECT NUMERICAL-SIMULATION
MASS-TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT
CROSS-FLOW FILTRATION
CONCENTRATION POLARIZATION
REVERSE-OSMOSIS
LAMINAR-FLOW
GEOMETRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
NANOFILTRATION MEMBRANES
TURBULENCE PROMOTERS
Summary Ongoing advances in computational performance and numerics have led to computational fluid dynamics (CFD) becoming a ubiquitous modelling tool. However, CFD methods have only been adopted to simulate pressure-driven membrane filtration systems relatively recently. This paper reviews various approaches to describing the behaviour of these systems using CFD, beginning with the hydrodynamics of membrane channels, including discussion of laminar, turbulent, and transition flow regimes, with reference to the effects of osmotic pressure, concentration polarisation, and cake formation. The use of CFD in describing mass transfer through the membrane itself is then discussed, followed by some concluding comments on commercial membrane simulation packages and future research directions in membrane CFD. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s11157-013-9327-x
Field of Research 090404 Membrane and Separation Technologies
Socio Economic Objective 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Springer
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30070551

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Engineering
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