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Recidivism among participants of an employment assistance program for prisoners and offenders

Graffam,J, Shinkfield,AJ and Lavelle,B 2014, Recidivism among participants of an employment assistance program for prisoners and offenders, International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 348-363, doi: 10.1177/0306624X12470526.

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Title Recidivism among participants of an employment assistance program for prisoners and offenders
Author(s) Graffam,J
Shinkfield,AJ
Lavelle,B
Journal name International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
Volume number 58
Issue number 3
Start page 348
End page 363
Publisher Sage Publications
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA
Publication date 2014-03
ISSN 1552-6933
Keyword(s) employment program
offenders
offending
prisoners
recidivism
Social Sciences
Criminology & Penology
Psychology, Applied
Psychology
EX-OFFENDERS
CORRECTIONAL TREATMENT
METAANALYSIS
WORK
REINTEGRATION
COMMUNITY
MODEL
REHABILITATION
EMPLOYABILITY
VARIABLES
Summary Recidivism outcomes were examined over a 2-year postrelease period for participants of an Australian employment assistance program. The voluntary 12-month program operated from 17 Victorian correctional locations, 7 prisons, and 10 community corrections locations, targeting participants at moderate to high risk of reoffending. Recidivism outcomes included simple rates of reoffending for the whole program (N = 3,034 registered participants) and analyses of rate and seriousness of reoffending and extent of poly-offending for a random sample of 600 program participants and 600 nonparticipants. Offending among program participants' pre- and post-registration was also investigated. Results showed a very low rate of reoffending (7.46%) for the entire program participant group while engaged in the program. As well, program participants had significantly lower levels of recidivism than nonparticipants, and postregistration offending was significantly lower than preregistration offending. Findings indicate that long-term postrelease employment support programs provide positive benefits in terms of reduced reoffending.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/0306624X12470526
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Sage Publications
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30070995

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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