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Relationships between sport participation, problem alcohol use, and violence: A longitudinal study of young adults in Australia

Scholes-Balog, Kirsty E., Hemphill, Sheryl A., Kremer, Peter J. and Toumbourou, John W. 2016, Relationships between sport participation, problem alcohol use, and violence: A longitudinal study of young adults in Australia, Journal of interpersonal violence, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 1501-1530, doi: 10.1177/0886260514567962.

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Title Relationships between sport participation, problem alcohol use, and violence: A longitudinal study of young adults in Australia
Author(s) Scholes-Balog, Kirsty E.
Hemphill, Sheryl A.
Kremer, Peter J.
Toumbourou, John W.
Journal name Journal of interpersonal violence
Volume number 31
Issue number 8
Start page 1501
End page 1530
Total pages 30
Publisher Sage
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-05
ISSN 1552-6518
Keyword(s) alcohol use problems
sport
violence
young adult
longitudinal
Summary There is a growing body of evidence suggesting a link between sport participation and violent behavior outside of the sporting context. However, there have been few studies that have investigated the basis of this relationship. The current study examined longitudinal relationships between sport participation, problem alcohol use, and various violent behaviors, and whether sport participation moderates relationships between problem alcohol use and violence. The sample comprised 2,262 young adults (55% female, age range at Time 1 = 17-24 years) from Victoria, Australia, surveyed in 2010 and 2012. When controlling for common risk factors, substance use, and past violence, sport participation was not associated with any violent behaviors 2 years later. However, sport participation moderated the relationship between problem alcohol use and fighting, whereby problem alcohol use was associated with engaging in fights 2 years later for sport participants, but not for nonparticipants. These findings suggest that it is not sport participation per se that influences later violence but the drinking norms or culture embedded within certain sporting contexts. Prevention approaches that address the drinking culture and social approval of excessive alcohol consumption within sporting contexts may reduce the incidence of violent behavior in the community.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/0886260514567962
Field of Research 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
111712 Health Promotion
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Grant ID ARC DP109574
Copyright notice ©2016, Sage
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30071154

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