Anticonvulsants, including valproate and carbamazepine, have established efficacy in the treatment of mania. The anticonvulsant, lamotrigine. has been reported to have antimanic and antidepressant efficacy, and mood-stabilising effects in case reports and preliminary open trials. The efficacy and tolerability of lamotrigine has been compared with olanzapine and lithium in a randomised, prospective, controlled fashion over a period of 4 weeks treatment in a total of 45 hospitalised patients with DSM-IV-defined mania. Significant improvements of a similar magnitude were observed for all treatment groups and lamotrigine was well tolerated. Mechanisms of action proposed to explain the antimanic activity of lamotrigine include inhibition of voltage-sensitive and use-dependent sodium channels, inhibition of glutamate release and calcium channel blockade. Platelet studies have indicated supersensitivity of glutamate receptors and increased intracellular calcium concentrations in patients with mania. Further clinical and mechanistic studies of lamotrigine use in mania are warranted.
Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.