Auranofin: repurposing an old drug for a golden new age

Roder, Christine and Thomson, Melanie J. 2015, Auranofin: repurposing an old drug for a golden new age, Drugs in R&D, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 13-20, doi: 10.1007/s40268-015-0083-y.

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Title Auranofin: repurposing an old drug for a golden new age
Author(s) Roder, Christine
Thomson, Melanie J.
Journal name Drugs in R&D
Volume number 15
Issue number 1
Start page 13
End page 20
Total pages 8
Publisher Adis International
Place of publication Auckland, N.Z
Publication date 2015-03
ISSN 1179-6901
Summary Drug discovery, development and registration is an expensive and time-consuming process associated with a high failure rate [Pessetto et al. (Mol Cancer Ther 12:1299-1309, 2013), Woodcock and Woosley (Annu Rev Med 59:1-12, 2008)]. Drug 'repurposing' is the identification of new therapeutic purposes for already approved drugs and is more affordable and achievable than novel drug discovery [Pessetto et al. (Mol Cancer Ther 12:1299-1309, 2013)]. Auranofin is a drug that is approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis but is being investigated for potential therapeutic application in a number of other diseases including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, HIV/AIDS, parasitic infections and bacterial infections [Tejman-Yarden et al. (Antimicrob Agents Chemother 57:2029-2035, 2013)]. The main mechanism of action of auranofin is through the inhibition of reduction/oxidation (redox) enzymes that are essential for maintaining intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species. Inhibition of these enzymes leads to cellular oxidative stress and intrinsic apoptosis [Pessetto et al. (Mol Cancer Ther 12:1299-1309, 2013), Fan et al. (Cell Death Dis 5:e1191, 2014), Fiskus et al. (Cancer Res 74:2520-2532, 2014), Marzano et al. (Free Radic Biol Med 42:872-881, 2007)]. Drugs such as auranofin that have already been approved for human use [Tejman-Yarden et al. (Antimicrob Agents Chemother 57:2029-2035, 2013)] can be brought into clinical use for other diseases relatively quickly and for a fraction of the cost of new drugs.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s40268-015-0083-y
Field of Research 111502 Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Socio Economic Objective 920204 Evaluation of Health Outcomes
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Springer
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Document type: Journal Article
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School of Medicine
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