Status and ecological effects of the world's largest carnivores

Ripple, William J, Estes, James A, Beschta, Robert L, Wilmers, Christopher C, Ritchie, Euan G, Hebblewhite, Mark, Berger, Joel, Elmhagen, Bodil, Letnic, Mike, Nelson, Michael P, Schmitz, Oswald J, Smith, Douglas W, Wallach, Arian D and Wirsing, Aaron J 2014, Status and ecological effects of the world's largest carnivores, Science, vol. 343, no. 6167, pp. 1-11, doi: 10.1126/science.1241484.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title Status and ecological effects of the world's largest carnivores
Author(s) Ripple, William J
Estes, James A
Beschta, Robert L
Wilmers, Christopher C
Ritchie, Euan GORCID iD for Ritchie, Euan G orcid.org/0000-0003-4410-8868
Hebblewhite, Mark
Berger, Joel
Elmhagen, Bodil
Letnic, Mike
Nelson, Michael P
Schmitz, Oswald J
Smith, Douglas W
Wallach, Arian D
Wirsing, Aaron J
Journal name Science
Volume number 343
Issue number 6167
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science
Place of publication Washington, D.C.
Publication date 2014-01-10
ISSN 0036-8075
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
YELLOWSTONE-NATIONAL-PARK
TROPHIC CASCADES
TOP PREDATORS
SEA OTTERS
BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION
CLIMATE-CHANGE
EXPLOITATION ECOSYSTEMS
WOLF RESTORATION
ARID AUSTRALIA
LINKING WOLVES
Summary Large carnivores face serious threats and are experiencing massive declines in their populations and geographic ranges around the world. We highlight how these threats have affected the conservation status and ecological functioning of the 31 largest mammalian carnivores on Earth. Consistent with theory, empirical studies increasingly show that large carnivores have substantial effects on the structure and function of diverse ecosystems. Significant cascading trophic interactions, mediated by their prey or sympatric mesopredators, arise when some of these carnivores are extirpated from or repatriated to ecosystems. Unexpected effects of trophic cascades on various taxa and processes include changes to bird, mammal, invertebrate, and herpetofauna abundance or richness; subsidies to scavengers; altered disease dynamics; carbon sequestration; modified stream morphology; and crop damage. Promoting tolerance and coexistence with large carnivores is a crucial societal challenge that will ultimately determine the fate of Earth’s largest carnivores and all that depends upon them, including humans.
Language eng
DOI 10.1126/science.1241484
Field of Research 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, American Association for the Advancement of Science
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30072143

Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 658 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 666 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 235 Abstract Views, 3 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Fri, 17 Apr 2015, 11:32:02 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.