UV protection performance of textiles affected by fiber cross-sectional shape

Yu, Yao, Hurren, Christopher, Millington, Keith, Sun, Lu and Wang, Xungai 2015, UV protection performance of textiles affected by fiber cross-sectional shape, Textile research journal, vol. 85, no. 18, pp. 1946-1960, doi: 10.1177/0040517515578335.

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Title UV protection performance of textiles affected by fiber cross-sectional shape
Author(s) Yu, Yao
Hurren, ChristopherORCID iD for Hurren, Christopher orcid.org/0000-0002-3274-4675
Millington, Keith
Sun, LuORCID iD for Sun, Lu orcid.org/0000-0003-2999-1250
Wang, XungaiORCID iD for Wang, Xungai orcid.org/0000-0002-3549-6769
Journal name Textile research journal
Volume number 85
Issue number 18
Start page 1946
End page 1960
Total pages 15
Publisher Sage
Place of publication London, Eng
Publication date 2015
ISSN 0040-5175
Keyword(s) optical model
ultraviolet protection
fiber cross-section
fiber cross-sectional shape
Summary Abstract
In this study, a model was set up for simulating the effects of varying fiber cross-sectional shapes on ultraviolet protection of fibers. The fiber diameter and fiber type were also involved in the model setting. Experiments of diffuse reflectance spectra measurement on natural (wool, cotton, silk), regenerated (bamboo viscose) and synthetic (polyester, nylon) fibers were conducted to verify the model predicted results. When a more complex shape was assumed as the fiber cross-section for model calculation, the predicted results have a better agreement with the actual results. The effects on ultraviolet absorption from fibers with different cross-sectional shapes were investigated at a single fiber, fiber bundle and yarn levels. With the same material, when the fiber cross-sectional area and the areal coverage of a single fiber were constant, the triangular shape had the lowest ultraviolet transmittance and the highest ultraviolet reflectance for a single fiber and also for a fiber bundle. The difference of fiber cross-sectional shapes was also significant in the ultraviolet protection of a single yarn.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/0040517515578335
Field of Research 091012 Textile Technology
Socio Economic Objective 860403 Natural Fibres, Yarns and Fabrics
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Sage Publications
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30072151

Document type: Journal Article
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