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Ornamental exterior versus therapeutic interior of Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus): the two faces of a versatile herb

Nejat, Naghmeh, Valdiani, Alireza, Cahill, David, Tan, Yee-How, Maziah, Mahmood and Abiri, Rambod 2015, Ornamental exterior versus therapeutic interior of Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus): the two faces of a versatile herb, Scientific world journal, vol. 2015, pp. 1-19, doi: 10.1155/2015/982412.

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Title Ornamental exterior versus therapeutic interior of Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus): the two faces of a versatile herb
Formatted title Ornamental exterior versus therapeutic interior of Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus): the two faces of a versatile herb
Author(s) Nejat, Naghmeh
Valdiani, Alireza
Cahill, DavidORCID iD for Cahill, David orcid.org/0000-0002-2556-0528
Tan, Yee-How
Maziah, Mahmood
Abiri, Rambod
Journal name Scientific world journal
Volume number 2015
Article ID 982412
Start page 1
End page 19
Total pages 19
Publisher Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Place of publication Cairo, Egypt
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1537-744X
Keyword(s) Agriculture
Breeding
Catharanthus
Chromosomes, Plant
Ethnobotany
Genetic Variation
Geography
Madagascar
Phenols
Plant Diseases
Plant Dispersal
Plants, Medicinal
Reproduction
Summary Catharanthus roseus (L.) known as Madagascar periwinkle (MP) is a legendary medicinal plant mostly because of possessing two invaluable antitumor terpenoid indole alkaloids (TIAs), vincristine and vinblastine. The plant has also high aesthetic value as an evergreen ornamental that yields prolific blooms of splendid colors. The plant possesses yet another unique characteristic as an amiable experimental host for the maintenance of the smallest bacteria found on earth, the phytoplasmas and spiroplasmas, and serves as a model for their study. Botanical information with respect to synonyms, vernacular names, cultivars, floral morphology, and reproduction adds to understanding of the plant while the geography and ecology of periwinkle illustrate the organism’s ubiquity. Good agronomic practices ensure generous propagation of healthy plants that serve as a source of bioactive compounds and multitudinous horticultural applications. The correlation between genetic diversity, variants, and TIA production exists. MP is afflicted with a whole range of diseases that have to be properly managed. The ethnobotanical significance of MP is exemplified by its international usage as a traditional remedy for abundant ailments and not only for cancer. TIAs are present only in micro quantities in the plant and are highly poisonous per se rendering a challenge for researchers to increase yield and reduce toxicity.
Language eng
DOI 10.1155/2015/982412
Field of Research 060705 Plant Physiology
060799 Plant Biology not elsewhere classified
060101 Analytical Biochemistry
Socio Economic Objective 820303 Plant Extract Crops (e.g. Pyrethrum
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30072152

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.