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Type D personality and the Five-Factor Model : a facet-level analysis

Horwood, Sharon, Anglim, Jeromy and Tooley, Greg 2015, Type D personality and the Five-Factor Model : a facet-level analysis, Personality and individual differences, vol. 83, pp. 50-54, doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2015.03.041.

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Title Type D personality and the Five-Factor Model : a facet-level analysis
Author(s) Horwood, SharonORCID iD for Horwood, Sharon
Anglim, JeromyORCID iD for Anglim, Jeromy
Tooley, GregORCID iD for Tooley, Greg
Journal name Personality and individual differences
Volume number 83
Start page 50
End page 54
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2015-09
ISSN 0191-8869
Keyword(s) Type D
Big 5
Five Factor Model
Summary Objective: This study assessed the degree to which NEO-PI-R facets contribute to understanding of Type D personality over and above the Big 5. Method: Healthy participants (n = 268) completed the DS14 and the NEO-PI-R. In addition to analyzing the Type D subscales of social inhibition and negative affectivity, we computed a continuous measure of Type D scored as the sum of the two subscales. Results: Facets provided moderate incremental prediction of Type D subscales. The facets of assertiveness, self- consciousness, and positive emotion provided incremental prediction of negative affectivity, and warmth, activity, and gregariousness provided incremental prediction of social inhibition. Facets provided minimal incremental prediction of continuous Type D. The Big 5 explained substantially more variance in continuous Type D (71%) than negative affectivity (59%) or social inhibition (61%). Conclusions: Overall, the facet-level analysis provided additional insights into the nature of Type D. The incremental prediction of the Type D subscales by facets supported the idea that Type D scales are narrower constructs than the Big 5. However, the strong prediction of continuous Type D by the Big 5 and the lack of incremental prediction by facets points to the overall Type D construct being well represented by the Big 5.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.paid.2015.03.041
Field of Research 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Elsevier
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Thu, 09 Apr 2015, 17:34:33 EST

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