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Towards a cohesive, holistic view of top predation: a definition, synthesis and perspective

Sergio,F, Schmitz,OJ, Krebs,CJ, Holt,RD, Heithaus,MR, Wirsing,AJ, Ripple,WJ, Ritchie,E, Ainley,D, Oro,D, Jhala,Y, Hiraldo,F and Korpimäki,E 2014, Towards a cohesive, holistic view of top predation: a definition, synthesis and perspective, Oikos, vol. 123, no. 10, pp. 1234-1243, doi: 10.1111/oik.01468.

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Title Towards a cohesive, holistic view of top predation: a definition, synthesis and perspective
Author(s) Sergio,F
Schmitz,OJ
Krebs,CJ
Holt,RD
Heithaus,MR
Wirsing,AJ
Ripple,WJ
Ritchie,EORCID iD for Ritchie,E orcid.org/0000-0003-4410-8868
Ainley,D
Oro,D
Jhala,Y
Hiraldo,F
Korpimäki,E
Journal name Oikos
Volume number 123
Issue number 10
Start page 1234
End page 1243
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2014-10
ISSN 0030-1299
1600-0706
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Ecology
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
TROPHIC CASCADES
PREY INTERACTIONS
SEA OTTERS
INTRAGUILD PREDATION
MESOPREDATOR RELEASE
MAMMALIAN CARNIVORES
HABITAT SELECTION
MOVEMENT ECOLOGY
NATIVE PREDATORS
FOOD WEBS
Summary Research on the ecology of top predators - upper trophic level consumers that are relatively free from predation once they reach adult size - has provided regular contributions to general ecology and is a rapidly expanding and increasingly experimental, multidisciplinary and technological endeavour. Yet, an exponentially expanding literature coupled with rapid disintegration into specialized, disconnected subfields for study (e.g. vertebrate predators versus invertebrate predators, community ecology versus biological control etc.) increasingly means that we are losing a coherent, integrated understating of the role and importance of these species in ecosystems. This process of canalization is likely to hinder sharing of scientific discovery and continued progress, especially as there is a growing need to understand the generality of the top-down forcing, as demonstrated for some members of this group. Here, we propose ways to facilitate synthesis by promoting changes in mentality and awareness among specialists through increased debate and collaboration, conceptual reviews and a series of exemplary case studies. The strategy will rely on the collective contribution by all scientists in the field and will strive to consolidate and formalise top-order predation as a holistic, cohesive, cross-taxonomical field of research studying the ecology, evolution and behaviour of apex predators and their capability to exert top-down forcing on lower trophic levels. © 2014 The Authors.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/oik.01468
Field of Research 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Wiley
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30072416

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Centre for Integrative Ecology
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