Neuronal classification and distribution in the central nervous system of the female mud crab, Scylla olivacea

Kornthong,N, Tinikul,Y, Khornchatri,K, Saeton,J, Magerd,S, Suwansa-Ard,S, Kruangkum,T, Hanna,PJ and Sobhon,P 2014, Neuronal classification and distribution in the central nervous system of the female mud crab, Scylla olivacea, Microscopy research and technique, vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 189-200, doi: 10.1002/jemt.22327.

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Title Neuronal classification and distribution in the central nervous system of the female mud crab, Scylla olivacea
Author(s) Kornthong,N
Journal name Microscopy research and technique
Volume number 77
Issue number 3
Start page 189
End page 200
Total pages 12
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2014-03
ISSN 1059-910X
Keyword(s) Scylla olivacea
central nervous system
neuronal cell clusters
neuron size classes
Summary The mud crab, Scylla olivacea, is one of the most economically valuable marine species in Southeast Asian countries. However, commercial cultivation is disadvantaged by reduced reproductive capacity in captivity. Therefore, an understanding of the general and detailed anatomy of central nervous system (CNS) is required before investigating the distribution and functions of neurotransmitters, neurohormones, and other biomolecules, involved with reproduction. We found that the anatomical structure of the brain is similar to other crabs. However, the ventral nerve cord (VNC) is unlike other caridian and dendrobrachiate decapods, as the subesophageal (SEG), thoracic and abdominal ganglia are fused, due to the reduction of abdominal segments and the tail. Neurons in clusters within the CNS varied in sizes, and we found that there were five distinct size classes (i.e., very small globuli, small, medium, large, and giant). Clusters in the brain and SEG contained mainly very small globuli and small-sized neurons, whereas, the VNC contained small-, medium-, large-, and giant-sized neurons. We postulate that the different sized neurons are involved in different functions. Microsc. Res. Tech. 77:189–200, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Language eng
DOI 10.1002/jemt.22327
Field of Research 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Wiley
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