Reported and observed controlling feeding practices predict child eating behavior after 12 months

Bergmeier, Heidi, Skouteris, Helen, Haycraft, Emma, Haines, Jess and Hooley, Merrilyn 2015, Reported and observed controlling feeding practices predict child eating behavior after 12 months, Journal of nutrition, vol. 145, no. 6, pp. 1311-1316, doi: 10.3945/jn.114.206268.

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Title Reported and observed controlling feeding practices predict child eating behavior after 12 months
Author(s) Bergmeier, Heidi
Skouteris, Helen
Haycraft, Emma
Haines, Jess
Hooley, MerrilynORCID iD for Hooley, Merrilyn orcid.org/0000-0002-6632-5719
Journal name Journal of nutrition
Volume number 145
Issue number 6
Start page 1311
End page 1316
Total pages 6
Publisher American Society for Nutrition
Place of publication Bethesda, Md.
Publication date 2015-06-01
ISSN 1541-6100
Keyword(s) child eating
childhood obesity
controlling feeding
mealtime observations
mother–child interactions
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nutrition & Dietetics
mother-child interactions
BODY-MASS INDEX
OBSERVATIONAL ANALYSIS
PARENTING STYLES
MATERNAL CONCERN
PRESCHOOL YEARS
WEIGHT STATUS
MOTHERS
ASSOCIATIONS
STRATEGIES
OBESITY
Summary BACKGROUND: Controlling feeding practices are linked to children's self-regulatory eating practices and weight status. Maternal reports of controlling feeding practices are not always significantly related to independently rated mealtime observations. However, prior studies only assessed 1 mealtime observation, which may not be representative of typical mealtime settings or routines. OBJECTIVES: The first aim was to examine associations between reported and observed maternal pressure to eat and restriction feeding practices at baseline (T1) and after ∼12 mo (T2). The second aim was to evaluate relations between maternal and child factors [e.g., concern about child weight, child temperament, child body mass index (BMI)-for-age z scores (BMIz)] at T1 and reported and observed maternal pressure to eat and restriction feeding practices (T1 and T2). The third aim was to assess prospective associations between maternal feeding practices (T1) and child eating behaviors (T2) and child BMIz (T2). METHODS: A sample of 79 mother-child dyads in Victoria, Australia, participated in 2 lunchtime home observations (T1 and T2). BMI measures were collected during the visits. Child temperament, child eating behaviors, maternal parenting styles, and maternal feeding practices were evaluated at T1 and T2 via questionnaires. Associations were assessed with Pearson's correlation coefficients, paired t tests, and hierarchical regressions. RESULTS: Reported restriction (T1) was inversely associated with observed restriction at T1 (r = -0.24, P < 0.05). Reported pressure to eat (T2) was associated with observed pressure to eat (T2) (r = 0.48, P < 0.01) but only for mothers of girls. Maternal weight concern was associated with reported restriction at T1 (r = 0.29, P < 0.01) and T2 (r = 0.36, P < 0.01), whereas observed restriction (T1) was prospectively associated child BMI at T2 (β = -0.18, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Maternal reports may not always reflect feeding practices performed during mealtimes; it is possible some mothers may not be aware of their practices or observations may not capture covert controlling strategies.
Language eng
DOI 10.3945/jn.114.206268
Field of Research 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
0702 Animal Production
0908 Food Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Grant ID Australian Research Council Discovery Grant (DP 1092804)
Copyright notice ©2015, American Society for Nutrition
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30072637

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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