Exploring the role of personality and resilience in the stress response: a comparison of military and civilian samples

Hardy, E., Main, L. C. and Chambers, T. P. 2014, Exploring the role of personality and resilience in the stress response: a comparison of military and civilian samples, in APS 2014: Psychology meeting society’s challenges. 49th APS Annual Conference, The Australian Psychological Society (APS), Melbourne, Vic., pp. 9-9.

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Title Exploring the role of personality and resilience in the stress response: a comparison of military and civilian samples
Author(s) Hardy, E.
Main, L. C.ORCID iD for Main, L. C. orcid.org/0000-0002-9576-9466
Chambers, T. P.
Conference name APS Annual Conference (49th: 2014: Hobart, Tas.)
Conference location Hobart, Tas.
Conference dates 30 Sep - 3 Oct. 2014
Title of proceedings APS 2014: Psychology meeting society’s challenges. 49th APS Annual Conference
Publication date 2014
Start page 9
End page 9
Total pages 1
Publisher The Australian Psychological Society (APS)
Place of publication Melbourne, Vic.
Summary In the context of emergency services and first responders (i.e. military), the ability to select personnel who have the innate ability to work well in highly charged environments would be advantageous. While there have been some efforts to explore the relationship between personality traits and physiological reactivity in the context of the emergency services, differences in stress responses between civilians and military personnel have not yet been investigated. Therefore the aim of the current study was to examine the relationship between personality, resilience and physiological stress responses. Fifteen civilians and 16 military personnel completed online personality (IPIP) and resilience (CD-RISC) inventories prior to commencing the experimental component of the study. The Mannheim Multi-component Stress Test (MMST) which utilises cognitive, audio, visual and motivational components was employed to elicit an acute stress response. Measures of correct responses and reaction time were sampled during the MMST. Prior to and following exposure to the MMST, positive and negative affect were measured (PANAS), and heart rate was sampled continuously across the study period. Results indicated that Military participants rated significantly lower than civilians on neuroticism; however there were no differences between groups for resilience or any of the other personality traits. Military participants displayed less emotional reactivity and less negative affect following the MMST testing period, and appeared to perform better on the MMST when compared to the civilian sample. However, there was no significant difference in heart rate measures between groups. Collectively, these results provide support for the broaden and buildhypothesis and the transactional stress theory. The results also build on previous empirical stress literature and support the effectiveness of the MMST in laboratory induced stress. Suggestions for future research in the area of resiliency and stress will be discussed. From an applied context, further research in this area may assist in military recruitment processes to place individuals in roles to which they are most suited within the Defence Force.
Notes The Australian Psychological Society (APS) publishes abstracts from Australian psychology conferences . As of 2013, these are only published online.
Language eng
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category E3.1 Extract of paper
ERA Research output type E Conference publication
Copyright notice ©2014, APS
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30073033

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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