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Improved processing speed: online computer-based cognitive training in older adults

Simpson,T, Camfield,D, Pipingas,A, Macpherson,H and Stough,C 2012, Improved processing speed: online computer-based cognitive training in older adults, Educational gerontology, vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 445-458, doi: 10.1080/03601277.2011.559858.

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Title Improved processing speed: online computer-based cognitive training in older adults
Author(s) Simpson,T
Camfield,D
Pipingas,A
Macpherson,HORCID iD for Macpherson,H orcid.org/0000-0002-3603-9359
Stough,C
Journal name Educational gerontology
Volume number 38
Issue number 7
Start page 445
End page 458
Total pages 15
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2012
ISSN 0360-1277
1521-0472
Keyword(s) Social Sciences
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Education & Educational Research
Gerontology
Geriatrics & Gerontology
LIFE-SPAN
MEMORY PERFORMANCE
AGE-DIFFERENCES
BRAIN RESERVE
INTERVENTIONS
INTELLIGENCE
DEMENTIA
PROGRAM
DECLINE
MODELS
Summary In an increasingly aging population, a number of adults are concerned about declines in their cognitive abilities. Online computer-based cognitive training programs have been proposed as an accessible means by which the elderly may improve their cognitive abilities; yet, more research is needed in order to assess the efficacy of these programs. In the current study, a commercially available 21-day online computer-based cognitive training intervention was administered to 34 individuals aged between 53 and 75 years. The intervention consisted of computerized training in reaction time, inspection time, short-term memory for words, executive function, visual spatial acuity, arithmetic, visual spatial memory, visual scanning/discrimination, and n-back working memory. An active solitaire control group was also included. Participants were tested at baseline, posttraining and at three-weeks follow-up using a battery of neuropsychological outcome measures. These consisted of simple reaction time, complex reaction time, digit forwards and backwards, spatial working memory, digit symbol substitution, RAVLT, and trail making. Significant improvement in simple reaction time and choice reaction time task was found in the cognitive training group both posttraining and at three-weeks follow-up. However, no significant improvements on the other cognitive tasks were found. The training program was found to be successful in achieving transfer of trained cognitive abilities in speed of processing to similar untrained tasks. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/03601277.2011.559858
Field of Research 170201 Computer Perception, Memory and Attention
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, Taylor & Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30073131

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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