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Risk factors for coronary heart disease among Asian Indians living in Australia

Fernandez, Ritin, Rolley, John X., Rajaratnam, Rohan, Sundar, Subbaram, Patel, Navin C. and Davidson, Patricia M. 2015, Risk factors for coronary heart disease among Asian Indians living in Australia, Journal of transcultural nursing, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 57-63, doi: 10.1177/1043659614523996.

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Title Risk factors for coronary heart disease among Asian Indians living in Australia
Author(s) Fernandez, Ritin
Rolley, John X.
Rajaratnam, Rohan
Sundar, Subbaram
Patel, Navin C.
Davidson, Patricia M.
Journal name Journal of transcultural nursing
Volume number 26
Issue number 1
Start page 57
End page 63
Total pages 7
Publisher Sage Publications
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, Calif
Publication date 2015-01
ISSN 1552-7832
Keyword(s) Asian Indians
abdominal obesity
cardiovascular
diabetes
heart disease
hypertension
migrant
obesity
physical activity
risk factors
smoking
transcultural health
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nursing
ACUTE MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION
Summary The aim of this study was to assess the coronary heart disease risk factors in the Asian Indian community living in a large city in Australia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted at the Australia India Friendship Fair in 2010. All people of Asian Indian descent who attended the Fair and visited the health promotion stall were eligible to participate in the study if they self-identified as of Asian Indian origin, were aged between 18 and 80 years, and were able to speak English. Blood pressure, blood glucose, waist circumference, height, and weight were measured by a health professional. Smoking, cholesterol levels, and physical activity status were obtained through self-reports. Data were analyzed for 169 participants. More than a third of the participants under the age of 65 years had high blood pressure. Prevalence of diabetes (16%) and obesity (61%) was significantly higher compared with the national average. Ten women identified themselves as smokers. Physical activity patterns were similar to that of the wider Australian population. The study has provided a platform for raising awareness among nurses and promoting advocacy on the cardiovascular risk among Asian Indians. Strategies involving Asian Indian nurses and other Asian Indian health professionals as well as support from the private and public sectors can assist in the reduction of the coronary heart disease risk factors among this extremely susceptible population.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/1043659614523996
Field of Research 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920210 Nursing
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Sage Publications
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30073144

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