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Toward a clinically meaningful taxonomy of violent offenders: the role of anger and thinking styles

Low, Kyra and Day, Andrew 2015, Toward a clinically meaningful taxonomy of violent offenders: the role of anger and thinking styles, Journal of interpersonal violence, In press, pp. 1-26, doi: 10.1177/0886260515586365.

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Title Toward a clinically meaningful taxonomy of violent offenders: the role of anger and thinking styles
Author(s) Low, Kyra
Day, Andrew
Journal name Journal of interpersonal violence
Season In press
Start page 1
End page 26
Total pages 26
Publisher Sage
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1552-6518
Keyword(s) rehabilitation
violent offender
Summary Violent offender rehabilitation programs aim to reduce the risk of re-offending in known offenders by addressing a range of different treatments needs, often with core intervention targets of improving anger regulation and altering antisocial beliefs and thinking styles. Such programs have proven efficacy in reducing recidivism for some, but not all, violent offenders, and little is known about the effects of these programs on different offender types. This study investigates whether subtypes of violent offenders can be meaningfully identified and considers how this influences short-term treatment outcomes. Cluster analysis identified three distinctive violent offender groups within a sample of 305 male offenders who had been assessed for participation in a violent offender rehabilitation program. An "unregulated" group had high levels of anger experience and expression and low levels of anger control, and held beliefs that were strongly supportive of a criminal lifestyle. A "regulated" group demonstrated levels of anger and beliefs supporting criminal activity that were not in a range that warranted treatment. Finally, an "overregulated" group was assessed as the group at highest risk of violent re-offending and had low levels of anger experience and expression and an absence of beliefs supporting criminal activity. The unregulated group appeared to gain the most benefit from treatment, although it had the highest levels of criminal thinking and problematic anger. These findings nonetheless offer support for the hypothesis that violent offender treatment programs may be optimally effective when targeted at particular types of offenders.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/0886260515586365
Field of Research 170104 Forensic Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, The Authors
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Thu, 28 May 2015, 09:37:12 EST

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