The why, what, and how of global biodiversity indicators beyond the 2010 target

Jones, Julia P. G., Collen, Ben, Atkinson, Giles, Baxter, Peter W. J., Bubb, Philip, Illian, Janine B., Katzner, Todd E., Keane, Aidan, Loh, Jonathan, McDonald-Madden, Eeve, Nicholson, Emily, Pereira, Henrique M., Possingham, Hugh P., Pullin, Andrew S., Rodrigues, Ana S. L., Ruiz-Gutierrez, Viviana, Sommerville, Matthew and Milner-Gulland, E. J. 2011, The why, what, and how of global biodiversity indicators beyond the 2010 target, Conservation biology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 450-457, doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01605.x.

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Title The why, what, and how of global biodiversity indicators beyond the 2010 target
Author(s) Jones, Julia P. G.
Collen, Ben
Atkinson, Giles
Baxter, Peter W. J.
Bubb, Philip
Illian, Janine B.
Katzner, Todd E.
Keane, Aidan
Loh, Jonathan
McDonald-Madden, Eeve
Nicholson, EmilyORCID iD for Nicholson, Emily
Pereira, Henrique M.
Possingham, Hugh P.
Pullin, Andrew S.
Rodrigues, Ana S. L.
Ruiz-Gutierrez, Viviana
Sommerville, Matthew
Milner-Gulland, E. J.
Journal name Conservation biology
Volume number 25
Issue number 3
Start page 450
End page 457
Total pages 8
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication Chichester, Eng.
Publication date 2011-06
ISSN 1523-1739
Keyword(s) CBD
living planet index
red list index
Summary The 2010 biodiversity target agreed by signatories to the Convention on Biological Diversity directed the attention of conservation professionals toward the development of indicators with which to measure changes in biological diversity at the global scale. We considered why global biodiversity indicators are needed, what characteristics successful global indicators have, and how existing indicators perform. Because monitoring could absorb a large proportion of funds available for conservation, we believe indicators should be linked explicitly to monitoring objectives and decisions about which monitoring schemes deserve funding should be informed by predictions of the value of such schemes to decision making. We suggest that raising awareness among the public and policy makers, auditing management actions, and informing policy choices are the most important global monitoring objectives. Using four well-developed indicators of biological diversity (extent of forests, coverage of protected areas, Living Planet Index, Red List Index) as examples, we analyzed the characteristics needed for indicators to meet these objectives. We recommend that conservation professionals improve on existing indicators by eliminating spatial biases in data availability, fill gaps in information about ecosystems other than forests, and improve understanding of the way indicators respond to policy changes. Monitoring is not an end in itself, and we believe it is vital that the ultimate objectives of global monitoring of biological diversity inform development of new indicators.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01605.x
Field of Research 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
050206 Environmental Monitoring
Socio Economic Objective 960805 Flora
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2010, Society for Conservation Biology
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