Parental practices encouraging and discouraging physical activity in Hong Kong Chinese preschoolers

Suen, Yi-nam, Cerin, Ester and Wu, Sin-lung 2015, Parental practices encouraging and discouraging physical activity in Hong Kong Chinese preschoolers, Journal of physical activity and health, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 361-369, doi: 10.1123/jpah.2013-0123.

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Title Parental practices encouraging and discouraging physical activity in Hong Kong Chinese preschoolers
Author(s) Suen, Yi-nam
Cerin, Ester
Wu, Sin-lung
Journal name Journal of physical activity and health
Volume number 12
Issue number 3
Start page 361
End page 369
Total pages 9
Publisher Human Kinetics
Place of publication Champaign, IL
Publication date 2015-03-01
ISSN 1543-3080
Keyword(s) Active lifestyle
Nominal group technique
Summary Background: Regular participation in physical activity (PA) can help reduce the risk of overweight/obesity. Parental practices related to PA are modifiable determinants of preschoolers' PA that are still not well understood, especially in non-Western cultures. This qualitative explorative study aimed to identify parental practices encouraging or discouraging PA in Hong Kong preschoolers. Methods: Nominal Group Technique (NGT) sessions (n = 45; 6 to 9/group), complemented by a focus group (n = 6) and individual interviews (n = 12), were conducted with primary caregivers (mainly parents) of Hong Kong preschoolers to investigate what parents do to encourage (4 groups) and discourage (2 groups) PA in children. The groups were stratified by low and high neighborhood socioeconomic status. Results: Participants generated 21 and 16 items describing practices encouraging and discouraging preschoolers' PA, respectively. Parental provision of instrumental, motivational, and conditional support were thought to encourage child's PA, while parental safety concerns, focus on academic achievement, lack of time and resources, and promotion of sedentary behaviors were thought to discourage child's PA. Conclusions: Several parental practices that were deemed to encourage or discourage Hong Kong preschoolers' PA were identified. These can assist with development of a culturally sensitive scale of PA parenting practices and inform future quantitative research.
Language eng
DOI 10.1123/jpah.2013-0123
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Human Kinetics
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