Neoliberalism, the developmental state and civil society in Korea

Hundt, David 2015, Neoliberalism, the developmental state and civil society in Korea, Asian studies review, vol. 39, no. 3, September, pp. 466-482, doi: 10.1080/10357823.2015.1052339.

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Title Neoliberalism, the developmental state and civil society in Korea
Author(s) Hundt, DavidORCID iD for Hundt, David
Journal name Asian studies review
Volume number 39
Issue number 3
Season September
Start page 466
End page 482
Total pages 17
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2015-09-01
ISSN 1467-8403
Keyword(s) state–society relations
civil society
Summary Following the Asian economic crisis of the late 1990s, some scholars predicted that the introduction of neoliberal ideas and policies would result in the definitive passing of the Korean developmental state. Despite these predictions, Korean state elites have retained their influential position as economic managers by, for instance, practicing a revised form of industrial policy. Neoliberal reform has, however, had significant social implications. Rather than neoliberalism acting as a democratising force that curtails the power of the state, this article illustrates that the Korean state has used the reform agenda to justify an expansion of its powers. The state presented itself as an agent capable of resolving long-standing economic problems, and of defending law and order. By doing so, the state reduced the political space available to non-state actors. The article concludes that for some states, neoliberalism is a means of retaining economic and political influence, and that former developmental states may be particularly adept at co-opting elements of civil society into governing alliances.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/10357823.2015.1052339
Field of Research 160607 International Relations
160606 Government and Politics of Asia and the Pacific
160603 Comparative Government and Politics
Socio Economic Objective 940304 International Political Economy (excl. International Trade)
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, Asian Studies Association of Australia
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