Is the relationship between sedentary behaviour and cardiometabolic health in adolescents independent of dietary intake? A systematic review

Fletcher, E, Leech, R, McNaughton, S A, Dunstan, D W, Lacy, K E and Salmon, J 2015, Is the relationship between sedentary behaviour and cardiometabolic health in adolescents independent of dietary intake? A systematic review, Obesity reviews, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 795-805, doi: 10.1111/obr.12302.

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Title Is the relationship between sedentary behaviour and cardiometabolic health in adolescents independent of dietary intake? A systematic review
Author(s) Fletcher, EORCID iD for Fletcher, E orcid.org/0000-0003-3958-9599
Leech, RORCID iD for Leech, R orcid.org/0000-0002-5333-0164
McNaughton, S AORCID iD for McNaughton, S A orcid.org/0000-0001-5936-9820
Dunstan, D W
Lacy, K EORCID iD for Lacy, K E orcid.org/0000-0002-2982-4455
Salmon, JORCID iD for Salmon, J orcid.org/0000-0002-4734-6354
Journal name Obesity reviews
Volume number 16
Issue number 9
Start page 795
End page 805
Total pages 11
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng
Publication date 2015-09
ISSN 1467-789X
Keyword(s) Adolescents
cardiometabolic
diet
screen time
Summary Screen time, but not overall sedentary behaviour, is consistently related to cardiometabolic health in adolescents. Because of the associations screen time has with dietary intake, diet may be an important factor in the screen time and health relationship; however, evidence has not previously been synthesized. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to explore whether the associations between various sedentary behaviours and cardiometabolic risk markers are independent of dietary intake in adolescents. Online databases and personal libraries were searched for peer-reviewed original research articles published in English before March 2014. Included studies assessed associations between sedentary behaviour and cardiometabolic markers in 12- to 18-year-olds and adjusted for dietary intake. Twenty-five studies met the inclusion criteria. From the 21 studies examining sedentary behaviour and adiposity, the majority found significant positive associations between television viewing, screen time and self-reported overall sedentary behaviour with markers of adiposity, independent of dietary intake. No significant associations between screen time with blood pressure and cholesterol were reported. Sedentary behaviour appears to be associated with adiposity in adolescents, irrespective of dietary intake. However, the variability of dietary variables between studies suggests further work is needed to understand the role of dietary intake when examining these associations in youth.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/obr.12302
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Grant ID 1057608
Copyright notice ©2015, Wiley
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30074063

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