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Cancer risk factors, diagnosis and sexual identity in the Australian longitudinal study of women's health

Brown, Rhonda, McNair, Ruth, Szalacha, Laura, Livingston, Patricia M. and Hughes, Tonda 2015, Cancer risk factors, diagnosis and sexual identity in the Australian longitudinal study of women's health, Women's health issues, vol. 25, no. 5, September-October, pp. 509-516, doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2015.04.001.

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Title Cancer risk factors, diagnosis and sexual identity in the Australian longitudinal study of women's health
Author(s) Brown, RhondaORCID iD for Brown, Rhonda orcid.org/0000-0002-5240-9831
McNair, Ruth
Szalacha, Laura
Livingston, Patricia M.
Hughes, Tonda
Journal name Women's health issues
Volume number 25
Issue number 5
Season September-October
Start page 509
End page 516
Total pages 8
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2015-09
ISSN 1878-4321
Summary PURPOSE: We sought to examine cancer diagnosis, cancer treatment, and related risk factors among Australian, middle-aged, exclusively heterosexual women compared with sexual minority women (SMW; mainly heterosexual, bisexual, mainly lesbian, and lesbian). METHODS: Secondary data analysis of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health for women born in 1946 through 1951 (n = 10,451) included bivariate tests (i.e., contingency table analyses, independent t tests). RESULTS: SMW did not have significantly higher cancer diagnoses compared with exclusively heterosexual women, although they were more likely to report never having had a mammogram or pap smear. SMW were also significantly more likely to be high-risk drinkers (11.1% vs. 6.8%; p < .05), current smokers (15.1% vs. 8.3%; p < .001), report significantly higher rates of depression (mean ± SD; 6.4 ± 5.5 vs. 5.4 ± 5.1; p < .01.), have experienced physical abuse (10.2% vs. 5.1%; p < .001), and been in a violent relationship (27.2% vs. 12.8%; p < .001). CONCLUSION: SMW had higher rates of several known cancer risk factors, ostensibly placing them at higher risk of cancer as well as chronic health conditions. Further research is needed to determine whether increased risk results in increased cancer as these women age, and to inform the development of interventions to reduce the risk of disease for SMW.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.whi.2015.04.001
Field of Research 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920210 Nursing
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30074089

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Nursing and Midwifery
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Created: Tue, 30 Jun 2015, 11:52:47 EST

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