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Maternal efficacy and sedentary behavior rules predict child obesity resilience

Crawford, David, Ball, Kylie, Cleland, Verity, Thornton, Lukar, Abbott, Gavin, McNaughton, Sarah A., Campbell, Karen J., Brug, Johannes, Salmon, Jo and Timperio, Anna 2015, Maternal efficacy and sedentary behavior rules predict child obesity resilience, BMC Obesity, vol. 2, no. 26, pp. 1-11, doi: 10.1186/s40608-015-0057-1.

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Title Maternal efficacy and sedentary behavior rules predict child obesity resilience
Author(s) Crawford, DavidORCID iD for Crawford, David orcid.org/0000-0002-2467-7556
Ball, KylieORCID iD for Ball, Kylie orcid.org/0000-0003-2893-8415
Cleland, Verity
Thornton, LukarORCID iD for Thornton, Lukar orcid.org/0000-0001-8759-8671
Abbott, GavinORCID iD for Abbott, Gavin orcid.org/0000-0003-4014-0705
McNaughton, Sarah A.ORCID iD for McNaughton, Sarah A. orcid.org/0000-0001-5936-9820
Campbell, Karen J.ORCID iD for Campbell, Karen J. orcid.org/0000-0002-4499-3396
Brug, Johannes
Salmon, JoORCID iD for Salmon, Jo orcid.org/0000-0002-4734-6354
Timperio, AnnaORCID iD for Timperio, Anna orcid.org/0000-0002-8773-5012
Journal name BMC Obesity
Volume number 2
Issue number 26
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2015
ISSN 2052-9538
Keyword(s) familial environment
neighborhood environment
resilience
socioeconomic disadvantage
weight gain
Summary Abstract
Background:
To identify longitudinal individual, social and environmental predictors of adiposity (BMI z-score),
and of resilience to unhealthy weight gain, in healthy weight children and adolescents.
Methods:
Two hundred healthy weight children aged 5–12 years at baseline and their parents living in socio-economically disadvantaged neighborhoods were surveyed at baseline and three years later. Children’s height and weight were objectively measured, parents completed a detailed questionnaire that examined the home, social and neighborhood environments, and objective measures of the neighborhood environment were assessed using geographic information system data. Ch
ildren classified as healthy weight at baseline who had
small or medium increases in their BMI z-score between baseline and three year follow up (those in the bottom
and middle tertiles) were categorized as‘ resilient to unhealthy weight gain’. Where applicable, fully adjusted
multivariable regression models were employed to determine baseline intrapersonal, social and environmental predictors of child BMI z-scores at follow-up, and resilience to unhealthy weight gain at
follow-up.
Results:
Maternal efficacy for preventing their child from engaging in sedentary behaviors (B = − 0.03, 95 % CI: 0.06, 0.00) was associated with lower child BMI z-score at follow up. Rules to limit sedentary behaviors (OR = 1.14, 95 % CI: 1.03, 1.25) was a predictor of being resilient to unhealthy weight gain.
Conclusion:
The findings suggest that strategies to support parents to limit their children ’s sedentary behavior may be important in preventing unhealthy weight gain in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s40608-015-0057-1
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920501 Child Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Grant ID NHMRC 374241
Copyright notice ©2015, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30074116

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.