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Regional versus urban differences in teenage alcohol use: Does parental disapproval account for these differences?

Chan, Gary C., Kelly, Adrian B., Connor, Jason P., Hall, Wayne, Young, Ross McD., Toumbourou, John W. and Williams, Joanne 2016, Regional versus urban differences in teenage alcohol use: Does parental disapproval account for these differences?, Australian journal of rural health, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 3-8, doi: 10.1111/ajr.12177.

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Title Regional versus urban differences in teenage alcohol use: Does parental disapproval account for these differences?
Author(s) Chan, Gary C.
Kelly, Adrian B.
Connor, Jason P.
Hall, Wayne
Young, Ross McD.
Toumbourou, John W.ORCID iD for Toumbourou, John W. orcid.org/0000-0002-8431-3762
Williams, JoanneORCID iD for Williams, Joanne orcid.org/0000-0002-5633-1592
Journal name Australian journal of rural health
Volume number 24
Issue number 1
Start page 3
End page 8
Total pages 6
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng
Publication date 2016-02
ISSN 1038-5282
1440-1584
Keyword(s) Adolescence
Adolescent
Alcohol
Parental disapproval
Regional
Urban
Summary Objective: To investigate if parental disapproval of alcohol use accounts for differences in adolescent alcohol use across regional and urban communities. Design: Secondary data analysis of grade-level stratified data from a random sample of schools. Setting: High schools in Victoria, Australia. Participants: A random sample of 10273 adolescents from Grade 7 (mean age=12.51 years), 9 (14.46 years) and 11 (16.42 years). Main outcome measures: The key independent variables were parental disapproval of adolescent alcohol use and regionality (regional/ urban), and the dependent variable was past 30 days alcohol use. Results: After adjusting for potential confounders, adolescents in regional areas were more likely to use alcohol in the past 30 days (OR=1.83, 1.44 and 1.37 for Grades 7, 9 and 11, respectively, P<0.05), and their parents have a lower level of disapproval of their alcohol use (b=-0.12, -0.15 and -0.19 for Grades 7, 9 and 11, respectively, P<0.001). Bootstrapping analyses suggested that 8.37%, 23.30% and 39.22% of the effect of regionality on adolescent alcohol use was mediated by parental disapproval of alcohol use for Grades 7, 9 and 11 participants respectively (P<0.05). Conclusions: Adolescents in urban areas had a lower risk of alcohol use compared with their regional counterparts, and differences in parental disapproval of alcohol use contributed to this difference.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/ajr.12177
Field of Research 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
111712 Health Promotion
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Wiley
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30074134

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